Ährenfeld

Names: 
Ährenfeld
Ahrenfeld
Ährenfeldt
Aehrenfeld
Ahrenfeldt
Aehrenfeldt
Chkalovo
Gradskoye
Kratzke (Ährenfeld)
Градское
Эренфельд
Эрнтефельд
Кратцке (Эренфельд)
Чкалово
Daughter Colonies: 
History: 

Ährenfeld is a Wiesenseite daughter colony that was established in 1855 by families from Dietel, Kautz, Kratzke, Merkel, Hussenbach, Dönhof, Bauer, and Franzosen.

Ährenfeld was given the Russian name of Kratzke (one of its Mother Colonies) even though the name of Kratzke was the German surname of the original leader of the colonists on their journey from Germany.  This double use of the name Kratzke is easily confused in records found in both Russia and the Western Hemisphere. In 1915, during the anti-German presures of the World War I era, Ährenfeld was given the Russian name of Gradsko.

Today, what remains of the former colony of Ährenfeld is known as Chkalovo.

Church: 

Most of the colonists who founded Ährenfeld were Lutheran. A new Lutheran church was built there in 1907. It's steeple was removed during the Soviet era, and today it serves as a community center and houses village administrative offices.

Population: 
Year
Households
Population
Total
Male
Female
1859
 
330
 
 
1883
 
1,103
 
 
1889
 
1,138
 
 
1897
 
1,387*
701
686
1905
 
2,249
 
 
1910
230
2,460
1,239
1,221
1912
 
2,514
 
 
1920
286
1,852
 
 
1922
 
1,529
 
 
1926
238
1,179
572
607
1931
 
1,449**
 
 

*Of whom 1,385 were German.
**Of whom 1,448 were German.

Sources: 

- Beratz, Gottlieb. The German Colonies on the Lower Volga: Their Origin and Early Development. Lincoln, NE: American Historical Society of Germans from Russia, 1991.
- Diesendorf, V.F. Die Deutschen Russlands : Siedlungen und Siedlungsgebiete : Lexicon. Moscow, 2006.
- Dietz, Jacob E. History of the Volga German Colonists (Lincoln, NE: American Historical Society of Germans from Russia, 2005): 218.
- Koch, Fred C. The Volga Germans: In Russia and the Americas, from 1763 to the Present (University Park: Pennsylvania State University Press, 1977): 311.
- Leibbrandt, Georg. Die deutschen Siedlungen in der Sowjetunion (Teil 5: Deutsche Wolgarepublik). Berlin: E. Meynen, 1941.
- Preliminary Results of the Soviet Census of 1926 on the Volga German Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic (Pokrovsk, 1927): 28-83.
- Sallet, Richard. Russian-German Settlements in the United States (Fargo: North Dakota Institute for Regional Studies, 1974).
- Schmidt, D. Studien uber die Geschichte der Wolgadeutschen - Erster Teil (1929).
- "Settlements in the 1897 Census." Journal of the American Historical Society of Germans from Russia (Winter, 1990): 18.

Map of Ährenfeld and Neu-Ährenfeld (1935)

Map of Ährenfeld and Neu-Ährenfeld (1935)

Ährenfeld Lutheran Church (1926)

Ährenfeld Lutheran Church (1926)

Ährenfeld bell tower (April 1925).
Source: "Немцы Поволжья" website.

Former Ährenfeld Lutheran Church (1990).
Source: "Немцы Поволжья" website.

Former Ährenfeld Lutheran Church (2015)

Former Ährenfeld Lutheran Church (2015)

Former Ährenfeld Lutheran Church (2010)

Former Ährenfeld Lutheran Church (2010).
Source: Michael Demyanenko.

Ährenfeld from the air (looking eastward).
Source: wolgadeutsche.net.

Ährenfeld from the air (looking northward).
Source: wolgadeutsche.net.

Latitude: 49.842708
Longitude: 8.826458
Latitude: 49.472870
Longitude: 8.654302
Latitude: 50.592778
Longitude: 8.856389
Latitude: 50.652052
Longitude: 9.162438

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