Brunnental

Names: 
Blumental
Brokental
Brunnental
Brunnenthal
Kriviyar
Krivoi-Yar
Kriwojar
History: 

Brunnental was founded in 1855 by colonists resettling from Frank, Kolb, Walter, Schilling, Pobochnaya, and Norka. It is located 505 versts from Samara and 7 versts from Streckerau.

Brunnental was named after the then president of the Moscow Evangelical Lutheran Consistory.

In 1921, colonists from Brunnental participated in the mass peasant uprisings and there was heavy fighting in the area. In 1922, some inhabitants fled to Germany to escape the hunger.

Church: 

In 1877, a Lutheran church was built in the colony. There was also a prayer house used by those of the Reformed faith.

Population: 
Year
Households
Population
Total
Male
Female
1857
 
 
 
 
1859
75
547
285
262
1883
 
2,416
 
 
1889
 
2,622
 
 
1894
 
 
 
 
1897
 
2,493*
1,268
1,225
1905
 
4,302
 
 
1910
420
4,653
2,377
2,276
1912
 
5,000
 
 
1920
538**
3,408
 
 
1922
 
2,380
 
 
1923
 
2,280
 
 
1926***
477
2,705
1,295
1,410
1931****
 
2,818
 
 

*Of whom 2,479 were German.
**Of which 534 households were German.
***Of which 470 households were German (2,688 individuals: 1,282 male & 1,406 female).
****Of whom 2,801 were German.

Sources: 

- Diesendorf, V.F. Die Deutschen Russlands : Siedlungen und Siedlungsgebiete : Lexicon. Moscow, 2006.
- Dietz, Jacob E. History of the Volga German Colonists (Lincoln, NE: American Historical Society of Germans from Russia, 2005): 218.
- Klaus, A.A. Our Colonies. Saint Petersburg, Russia, 1869.
- Koch, Fred C. The Volga Germans: In Russia and the Americas, from 1763 to the Present (University Park: Pennsylvania State University Press, 1977): 311.
- List of Populated Places of the Russian Empire, vol. 36 (Samara Province). St. Petersburg, 1864.
- Preliminary Results of the Soviet Census of 1926 on the Volga German Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic (Pokrovsk, 1927): 28-83.
- Schnurr, Joseph. Die Kirchen und das religiöse Leben der Russlanddeutschen – Evangelischer Teil (Stuttgart: AER Verlag Landsmannschaft der Deutschen aus Rußland, 1978): 198.
- "Settlements in the 1897 Census." Journal of the American Historical Society of Germans from Russia (Winter, 1990): 16.

Map showing the west end of Brunnental (1935).

Map showing the east end of Brunnental (1935).

Lutheran Church in Brunnental
Source: Sherrie Stahl

Interior of Lutheran Church in Brunnental
Source: Sherrie Stahl

Former Volga German school in Brunnental (2006).

According to Mrs. Becker and Marie (Greenwald) Bandey, this photograph was taken in 1907 in front of the Brunnental School when a large number of Brunnentaler's were leaving for the USA. It was a "farewell photo" for these families.

Brunnental Dam (2006?) referenced in the "Famine Letter" published by Die Welt-Post on 11 September 1924.

Latitude: 49.842708
Longitude: 8.826458
Latitude: 49.714861
Longitude: 8.839583
Latitude: 50.387778
Longitude: 9.245359
Latitude: 49.509595
Longitude: 8.179546
Latitude: 50.476699
Longitude: 7.592774
Latitude: 50.286296
Longitude: 9.111384
Latitude: 50.287156
Longitude: 8.844207

Immigration Locations