Dietel

Names: 
Dietel
Aleshniki
Alyeshka
Dittel
Oleshnya
Oleschna
Oleshnya
Tittel
Yelshanka
Алешка
Алешники
Диттель
Олешня
Елшанка
History: 

Dietel was founded on 1 July 1767 by Baron de Boffe as a Lutheran colony. The original 43 colonist families came from the Palatinate, Württemberg, Hamburg, Saxony, Mecklenburg, and Alsace. The colony took its name from the first leader of the group that settled there, Christian Gottfried Dietel from Saxony.

Today, the former colony of DIetel is known as Aleshniki.

Church: 

The congregation in Dietel was established in 1767 at the founding of the colony, and served as the lead parish for the colonies of Kautz, Kratzke, and Merkel. Dietel also served as the residence of the pastor serving these parishes. In 1904, the congregations in Neu-Dönhof and Neu-Balzer located to the north were added to the jurisdiction of the Dietel parish.

Pastors & Priests: 

The congregation in Dietel was served by the following pastors:

  • 1768-1770 Sigismund Israel Bergen
  • 1772-1774 Gottlieb May
  • 1780-1782 Laurentius Ahlbaum
  • 1793-1798 Johann Heinrich Buck
  • 1801-1815 Karl Jakob Früauf
  • 1819-1835 Andreas Haag
  • 1835-1862 Gotthard Alexis Marpurg
  • 1864-1880 Ernst Gottfried Carrolien
  • 1887-1892 August Julius Tiedemann
  • 1893-1927 Johann Friedrich Möllmann
  • 1929-1931 Woldemar Wagner
Population: 
Year
Households
Population
Total
Male
Female
1767
 
 
 
 
1769
68
284
158
126
1773
72
351
202
149
1788
69
445
227
218
1798
78
502
241
261
1816
91
939
471
468
1834
191
1,739
892
847
1850
194
2,561
1,310
1,251
1857
230
3,167
1,616
1,551
1859
250
3,181
1,609
1,572
1886*
388
3,510
1,805
1,705
1891
347
4,652
2,346
2,306
1897
 
3,172**
1,534
1,638
1911
 
3,285
 
 
1920
425***
3,371
 
 
1922
 
2,752
 
 
1923
 
2,880
 
 
1926****
458
3,128
1,531
1,597
1931
 
3,402*****
 
 

*Not counting 110 families who are permanently absent (accounting for 975 men and 962 women).
**Of whom 3,135 were German.
***Of which 414 households were German.
****Of whom 3,114 (1,531 male & 1,583 female) were German living in 449 households.
*****Of whom 3,392 were German.

Sources: 

- Beratz, Gottieb. The German colonies on the Lower Volga, their origin and early development: a memorial for the 150th anniversary of the arrival of the first German settlers on the Volga, 29 June 1764. Translated by Adam Giesinger (Lincoln, NE: American Historical Society of Germans from Russia, 1991): 349.
- Diesendorf, V.F. Die Deutschen Russlands : Siedlungen und Siedlungsgebiete : Lexicon. Moscow, 2006.
- Minkh, A.N. Historical and Georgraphical Dictionary of the Saratov Province (Saratov, 1898): 705-709. Online.
- Orlov, Gregorii. Report of Conditions of Settlements on the Volga to Catherine II, 14 February 1769.
- Pallas, P.S. Reise durch verschiedene Provinzen des Russischen Reichs. Theil 3,2, Reise aus Sibirien zurueck an die Wolga im 1773sten Jahr (St. Petersburg: Kaiserl. Academie der Wissenschaften, 1776): 622.
- Pleve, Igor. Einwanderung in das Wolgagebiet, 1764-1767 Band 1 (Göttingen: Göttinger Arbeitskreis, 1999): 279-296.
- Preliminary Results of the Soviet Census of 1926 on the Volga German Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic (Pokrovsk, 1927): 28-83.
- Schnurr, Joseph, Die Kirchen und das Religiöse Leben der Russlanddeutschen - Evangelischer Teil (Stuttgart: Landsmannschaft der Deutschen aus Russland, 1972): 192.
- "Settlements in the 1897 Census." Journal of the American Historical Society of Germans from Russia (Winter, 1990): 18.

Map showing Dietel (1935).

Map of Dietel (ca. 1923).
Courtesy of Reichel/Reigel Family Scrapbook.

Map showing Dietel, Kautz, Kratzke, Rothammel and Sewald.

Latitude: 49.083333
Longitude: 9.066667
Latitude: 48.651822
Longitude: 7.927891
Latitude: 48.651822
Longitude: 7.927891
Latitude: 49.983333
Longitude: 7.156667
Latitude: 48.570000
Longitude: 7.843889
Latitude: 49.738298
Longitude: 8.328269
Latitude: 49.794579
Longitude: 7.561618
Latitude: 50.946919
Longitude: 10.709288
Latitude: 48.570000
Longitude: 7.843889
Latitude: 48.566192
Longitude: 7.870432
Latitude: 48.566192
Longitude: 7.870432
Latitude: 49.594167
Longitude: 8.467083
Latitude: 49.509595
Longitude: 8.179546
Latitude: 49.573595
Longitude: 7.710573
Latitude: 49.361015
Longitude: 8.257806
Latitude: 49.573595
Longitude: 7.710573
Latitude: 49.650939
Longitude: 8.124040
Latitude: 48.666384
Longitude: 7.940175
Latitude: 49.428056
Longitude: 8.316111

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