Enders

Names: 
Enders
Ust-Karaman
Эндерс
Усть-Караман
Эндерс Среднее
History: 

Enders was founded as a Lutheran colony on 27 July 1765 by the Government. It is located on the banks of the Bolshoy Karaman River (Big Karaman River).

Today, what remains of the colony of Enders is known as Ust-Karaman.

Church: 

Originally the congregation in Enders was part of the Rosenheim parish which had been established in 1767.       

The first church building was constructed in Enders in 1822. In 1860 a new building was constructed, also of wood. Today, nothing remains of the church.

Pastors & Priests: 

The congregation in Enders was served by the following pastors:

  • 1767-1785 Ludwig Helm
  • 1777-1787? Daniel Willi
  • 1786-1788 Laurentius Ahlbaum
  • 1788-1791 Klaus Peter Lundberg
  • 1792-1815 Mag. Christian Friedrich Jäger
Notable Individuals: 
Population: 
 
Year
Households
Population
Total
Male
Female
1767
40
107
 
 
1769
 
107
 
 
1773
32
108
53
55
1788
30
162
81
81
1798
35
186
101
85
1816
46
275
130
145
1834
57
483
249
234
1850
87
723
386
337
1857
88
918
478
440
1859
 
990
 
 
1883
 
1,290
 
 
1889
 
1,323
 
 
1897
 
1,365*
686
679
1904
 
2,053
 
 
1910
208
2,277
1,160
1,117
1912
 
2,376
 
 
1920
236
1,462
 
 
1922
 
1,226
 
 
1923
 
1,200
 
 
1926**
238
1,199
547
652
1931
 
1,456***
 
 

*Of whom 1,361 were German.
**Of whom 1,197 (546 male & 651 female) were German living in 237 households.
***Of whom 1,440 were German.

Sources: 

- Beratz, Gottieb. The German colonies on the Lower Volga, their origin and early development: a memorial for the 150th anniversary of the arrival of the first German settlers on the Volga, 29 June 1764. Translated by Adam Giesinger (Lincoln, NE: American Historical Society of Germans from Russia, 1991): 349.
- Diesendorf, V.F. Die Deutschen Russlands : Siedlungen und Siedlungsgebiete : Lexicon. Moscow, 2006.
- Klaus, A. Our Colony [in Russian] (St. Petersburg, 1869): II:14; IV:56-57.
- List of Populated Areas of the Samara Province [in Russian] (Samara, 1910): 325.
- Pallas, P.S. Reise durch verschiedene Provinzen des Russischen Reichs. Theil 3,2, Reise aus Sibirien zurueck an die Wolga im 1773sten Jahr (St. Petersburg: Kaiserl. Academie der Wissenschaften, 1776): 612.
- Pleve, Igor. Einwanderung in das Wolgagebiet, 1764-1767 Band 1 (Göttingen: Göttinger Arbeitskreis, 1999): 381-393.
- Pleve, Igor R. The German Colonies on the Volga: The Second Half of the Eighteenth Century, translated by Richard Rye (Lincoln, NE: American Historical Society of Germans from Russia, 2001): 318.
- Preliminary Results of the All-Union Census of 1926 and ASSR Volga Germans (Pokrovsk, 1927): 28-83.
- "Settlements in the 1897 Census." Journal of the American Historical Society of Germans from Russia (Winter, 1990): 17.

Map showing Enders (1935).

Immigration Locations