Göbel

Names: 
Gebel
Goebel
Göbel
Ust-Grasnukha
Ust-Gräsnucha
Ust-Grjasnucha
Ust-Grjaznucha
Ust-Gryaznukha
Гебель
Усть-Грязнуха
Нижняя Грязнуха
Daughter Colonies: 
History: 

Göbel was founded by the Government as a Roman Catholic colony on 25 May 1767 with 72 families from Mainz, Würzburg, and Isenburg. It took its name after the first leader of the colony. By decree on 26 February 1768 the colony was given the Russian name of Ust-Gryaznukha, the name of the river upon whose bank the colony had been located.

Today, what remains of the former colony of Göbel is known as Ust-Gryaznukha.

Church: 

The congregation in Göbel was originally part of the Catholic parish in Semenovka. It became an independent parish with a resident priest in 1894.       

A wooden church was built in Göbel in 1848 and consecrated to St. Wendelin.

Population: 
Population Table
Year
Households
Population
Total
Male
Female
1767
72
230
131
99
1769
73
247
134
113
1773
73
288
157
131
1788
67
357
182
175
1798
74
433
224
209
1816
97
606
294
312
1834
130
972
486
486
1850
163
1,423
721
702
1857
173
1,612
800
812
1859
157
1,616
795
821
1886
304
2,213
1,142
1,071
1891
266
2,737
1,384
1,353
1894
333
2,806
1,417
1,389
1897
 
2,787*
1,398
1,389
1905
 
2,869
 
 
1911
 
3,147
 
 
1912
 
2,936
 
 
1920
394
2,593
 
 
1922
 
1,584
 
 
1926**
381
2,112
1,036
1,076
1931
 
2,499
 
 

*Of whom 2,341 were German.
**Of whom 2,110 were German (379 households: 1,035 male & 1,075 female).

Sources: 

- Beratz, Gottieb. The German colonies on the Lower Volga, their origin and early development: a memorial for the 150th anniversary of the arrival of the first German settlers on the Volga, 29 June 1764. Translated by Adam Giesinger (Lincoln, NE: American Historical Society of Germans from Russia, 1991): 349.
- Diesendorf, V.F. Die Deutschen Russlands : Siedlungen und Siedlungsgebiete : Lexicon. Moscow, 2006.
- List of Settlements in the Russian Empire in 1859, vol. 38: Saratov Province (St. Petersburg, 1862): p.59.
- Mink, A.N. Historical and Geographical Dictionary of the Saratov Province [in Russian] (Saratov, Russia, 1898): 1066-1068. (Online)
- Pallas, P.S. Reise durch verschiedene Provinzen des Russischen Reichs. Theil 3,2, Reise aus Sibirien zurueck an die Wolga im 1773sten Jahr (St. Petersburg: Kaiserl. Academie der Wissenschaften, 1776): 623.
- Pleve, Igor. Einwanderung in das Wolgagebiet, 1764-1767 Band 2 (Göttingen: Göttinger Arbeitskreis, 2001): 37-76.
- Preliminary Results of the Soviet Census of 1926 on the Volga German Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic (Pokrovsk, 1927): 28-83.
- "Settlements in the 1897 Census." Journal of the American Historical Society of Germans from Russia (Winter, 1990): 19.

Map of Göbel (1935).

Latitude: 49.688255
Longitude: 8.350600
Latitude: 49.780786
Longitude: 8.793145
Latitude: 49.688255
Longitude: 8.350600
Latitude: 49.992862
Longitude: 8.247253
Latitude: 49.847703
Longitude: 7.489193
Latitude: 49.825100
Longitude: 7.899430
Latitude: 49.817033
Longitude: 8.645979

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