Galka

Names: 
Galka
Galki
Meierhöfer
Nizhnyaya Kulalinka
Ust-Kulalinka
Галка
Майерхефер
Нижняя Кулалинка
Усть-Кулалинка
History: 

Galka was founded on 12 August 1764 by colonists recruited directly by the Tsarist government. It is located at the point where the Galka River enters the Volga.

Today, what remains of the former colony of Galka is still called Galka.

Church: 

The Galka Lutheran parish was founded in 1767. A new wooden church building was built in 1880 in the Kontor style. The church was known as St. Peter & Paul Lutheran Church.

Today, the church structure no longer exists in Galka.

Pastors & Priests: 

The congregation in Galka was served by the following pastors:

  • ?-1774 Pastor Bergstrom
  • 1774-1778 Johann Kaspar Brauns
  • 1782-1788 Jakob Alexander Topelius
  • 1792-1794 Mag. Johann Dorn
  • 1796-1804 Philipp Jakob Hiemer
  • 1807-1825 Friedrich Wilhelm Schmieder
  • 1826-1847 Johann Hasthoffer
  • 1849-1856 Eugen Friedrich Georg Hinsch
  • 1858-1874 Samuel Theophil Bonwetsch
  • 1874-1881 Moses Asnaworjanz
  • 1884-1888 Leonhard Karl Wilhelm Hesse
  • 1889-1901 Liborius Herbord Behning
  • 1901-1911 Eduard Lehmkul
  • 1912-1918 Alfred Schneider
  • 1918-1931 Alfred Rudolf Kleindienst
Population: 
Year
Households
Population
Total
Male
Female
1767
64
195
 
 
1769
54
219
122
97
1773
58
240
124
116
1788
49
285
146
139
1798
65
380
191
189
1816
94
669
332
337
1834
178
1,298
640
658
1850
218
1,845
970
875
1857
176
2,004
1,037
967
1859
165
1,987
1,036
951
1886
209
1,818
915
903
1891
202
2,601
1,296
1,305
1894
204
2,894
1,411
1,483
1897
 
1,915*
987
928
1905
 
3,157
 
 
1911
 
3,472
 
 
1912
 
3,548
 
 
1920
339**
2,139
 
 
1922
 
1,810
 
 
1926***
376
2,037
990
1,047
1931
 
2,333****
 
 

*Of whom 1,883 were German.
**Of which 337 households were German.
***Of whom 2,024 were German (368 households: 982 male & 1,042 female).
****Of whom 2,322 were German.

Sources: 

- Amburger, Erik. Die Pastoren der evangelischen Kirchen Rußlands (Lüneburg, Germany: Institut Nordostdeutsches Kulturwerk, 1998): 137.
- Beratz, Gottieb. The German colonies on the Lower Volga, their origin and early development: a memorial for the 150th anniversary of the arrival of the first German settlers on the Volga, 29 June 1764. Translated by Adam Giesinger (Lincoln, NE: American Historical Society of Germans from Russia, 1991): 350.
- Diesendorf, V.F. Die Deutschen Russlands : Siedlungen und Siedlungsgebiete : Lexicon. Moscow, 2006.
- List of Settlements in the Russian Empire in 1859, vol. 38: Saratov Province (St. Petersburg, 1862): p.59.
- Pallas, P.S. Reise durch verschiedene Provinzen des Russischen Reichs. Theil 3,2, Reise aus Sibirien zurueck an die Wolga im 1773sten Jahr (St. Petersburg: Kaiserl. Academie der Wissenschaften, 1776): 621.
- Pleve, Igor. Einwanderung in das Wolgagebiet, 1764-1767 Band 2 (Göttingen: Göttinger Arbeitskreis, 2001): 19-36.
- Pleve, Igor R. The German Colonies on the Volga: The Second Half of the Eighteenth Century, translated by Richard Rye (Lincoln, NE: American Historical Society of Germans from Russia, 2001): 318.
- Preliminary Results of the Soviet Census of 1926 on the Volga German Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic (Pokrovsk, 1927): 28-83.
- Schnurr, Joseph, Die Kirchen und das Religiöse Leben der Russlanddeutschen, Evangelischer Teil.
- "Settlements in the 1897 Census." Journal of the American Historical Society of Germans from Russia (Winter, 1990): 19.

Map showing Galka (1935).

St. Peter & Paul Lutheran Church in Galka - built in 1880.
Source: Heimatbuch der Deutschen aus Rußland, 1972.

St. Peter & Paul Lutheran Church in Galka.
(early Soviet period)

Another photo of the ruins of the Galka Lutheran Church from the Soviet era.
Source: Bill Doos.

Latitude: 49.103333
Longitude: 8.855000
Latitude: 48.961944
Longitude: 8.809722
Latitude: 49.714861
Longitude: 8.839583
Latitude: 49.073056
Longitude: 8.897778
Latitude: 49.293333
Longitude: 8.521944
Latitude: 49.293821
Longitude: 8.964907
Latitude: 48.999985
Longitude: 8.478681
Latitude: 48.956847
Longitude: 8.705984
Latitude: 49.901055
Longitude: 8.844496
Latitude: 49.145968
Longitude: 9.320680
Latitude: 49.901055
Longitude: 8.844496

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