Gnadenflur

Names: 
Florskaya
Florskoye
Gnadenflur
Pervomaiskoye
Pervomayskoye
Гнаденфлюр
Флорское
Первомайское
Perwomaiskoje
History: 

Gnadenflur was founded in 1850 on the left bank of the Bolshoi Karaman River 150 kilometers east of Engels and 15 kilometers north of Fyedorovka.

The Volga Germans in Gnadenflur were deported on 8 September 1941 to the village of Shmakov in Zalesovsky District of the Altai Region.

Today, what remains of the former Volga German colony of Gnadenflur is known as Pervomaiskoye.

Church: 

The Lutheran parish in Gnadenflur was established on 5 October 1861. The resident pastor there served several of the neighboring Lutheran parishes.

Pastors & Priests: 

The Gnadenflur parish was served by the following pastors:

1862-1888: Karl Erich Wahlberg
1890-1892: Hans August Leyst
1894-1894: Ernst Theophil David
1895-1909: Johannes Parstrauts
1909-1912: Alexander Rothermel
1913-1931: Otto Heinrich Harff

Population: 
Year
Households
Population
Total
Male
Female
1857
68
 
228
 
1859
 
478
 
 
1883
 
552
 
 
1889
 
609
 
 
1897
 
647*
339
308
1904
 
929
 
 
1910
 
1,046
 
 
1920
175
1,199
 
 
1922
 
981
 
 
1923
 
927
 
 
1926**
216
1,001
487
514
1931
 
1,807***
 
 
1939
 
2,479
 
 

*Of whom 642 were German.
**Of whom 986 were German living in 207 households (475 male & 511 female).
***Of whom 1,770 were German.

Sources: 

- Amburger, Erik. Die Pastoren der evangelischen Kirchen Rußlands (Lüneburg, Germany: Institut Nordostdeutsches Kulturwerk, 1998): 143.
- Diesendorf, V.F. Die Deutschen Russlands : Siedlungen und Siedlungsgebiete : Lexicon. Moscow, 2006.
- Koch, Fred C. The Volga Germans: In Russia and the Americas, from 1763 to the Present (University Park: Pennsylvania State University Press, 1977): 312.
- Preliminary Results of the Soviet Census of 1926 on the Volga German Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic (Pokrovsk, 1927): 28-83.
- Russian Settlements in the Years 1917-1941 [in Russian] (wolgadeutsche.net)
- Schnurr, Joseph, Die Kirchen und das Religiöse Leben der Russlanddeutschen - Evangelischer Teil (Stuttgart: Landsmannschaft der Deutschen aus Russland, 1972): 197.
- "Settlements in the 1897 Census." Journal of the American Historical Society of Germans from Russia (Winter, 1990): 16.

Map showing Gnadenflur (1935).

School in Gnadenflur.
Source: Juliet Honas.

Gnadenflur school (2008).
Source: Alexander Winter.

The new school in Gnadenflur (2009).
Source: Alexander Winter.

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