Gnadentau

Names: 
Gnadentau
Sobachii Kolonok
Verkhniy Yeruslan
History: 

Gnadentau was founded in 1860 as a Lutheran daughter colony by colonists resettling from Franzosen, Galka, Shcherbakovka, Stephan, Müller, Schwab, Dietel, Merkel, and Grimm.

By 1910, the colony had a Lutheran church, 2 schools - parochial and district, 1 creameries, and 3 windmills.

Church: 

Since 1876, Gnadentau has been the headquarters of its own Lutheran parish. A brick church was constructed between 1884-1888.

The congregation was disbanded by the government in 1938. The building was then used as a granary and barn. Beginning on 29 October 2004, the church building was once again used to hold worship services. Restoration of the building continues.

Population: 
Year
Households
Population
Total
Male
Female
1850
 
 
 
 
1857
 
 
 
 
1859
 
 
 
 
1888
172
1,167
587
580
1891
 
 
 
 
1894
 
 
 
 
1897
 
1,441*
726
715
1908
186
2,308
1,171
1,137
1910
207
2,332
1,179
1,153
1912
 
2,100
 
 
1920
282**
2,186
 
 
1922
 
1,893
 
 
1926***
354
2,017
955
1,062
Sources: 

- Diesendorf, V.F. Die Deutschen Russlands : Siedlungen und Siedlungsgebiete : Lexicon. Moscow, 2006.
- Koch, Fred C. The Volga Germans: In Russia and the Americas, from 1763 to the Present (University Park: Pennsylvania State University Press, 1977): 312.
- Preliminary Results of the Soviet Census of 1926 on the Volga German Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic (Pokrovsk, 1927): 28-83.
- "Settlements in the 1897 Census." Journal of the American Historical Society of Germans from Russia (Winter, 1990): 16.

Map showing Gnadentau (1935).

Gnadentau Lutheran Church
Original interior.

Gnadentau Lutheran Church

Gnadentau Church being used as a barn (1993).
Photo courtesy of Bill Wiest.

Gnadentau Lutheran Church.
Courtesy of Alexander Bashkatov (2006).

Gnadentau Lutheran Church interior.
Courtesy of Alexander Bashkatov (2006).

Gnadentau Lutheran Church interior, being used once again as a church.
Courtesy of Alexander Bashkatov (2006).

Gnadentau Lutheran Church interior.

Gnadentau Lutheran Church layout.

Architectural rendering of the Lutheran Church that was built in Gnadentau.
Source: Jorge Bohn.

Latitude: 49.509595
Longitude: 8.179546

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