Graf

Names: 
Graf
Krutoyarovka
Krutojarowka
Krutojarovka
Граф
Крутояровка
History: 

Graf was founded as a Roman Catholic colony on 10 June 1766 by LeRoy & Pictet.

Today, nothing remains of the former colony of Graf.

Church: 

An independent parish with a resident priest was established in Graf in 1883. A new church was constructed in Graf in 1886. It, like many others among the Volga German colonies, was built of wood in the Kontor Style.

Pastors & Priests: 

The parish in Graf is known to have been served by the following priests:

  • Joseph Loran (1883-1885)
  • Johannes Schönfeld (1898)
  • Emanuel Stang (1898-1901)
  • Andreas Brungardt (?-1903)
  • Alois Vondrau (1903-1905, 1910-1911)
  • Gabriel Gwamaradse (1904-1905)
  • Adolf Braun (1912-1914)
Surnames: 
Hartmann (Staden, Kr. Wetterau, Hessen)
Was(s)inger (Ormesheim, Kr. Saarpfalz, Saarland)
Rüb(e)sam (Salmünster, Kr. Main-Kinzig, Hessen)
Keib (Salmünster, Kr. Main-Kinzig, Hessen)
Population: 
 
Year
Households
Population
Total
Male
Female
1767
48
141
 
 
1769
42
152
82
70
1773
40
178
101
77
1788
 
196
 
 
1798
 
253
 
 
1816
 
363
 
 
1834
 
563
 
 
1850
 
817
 
 
1857
 
 
 
 
1859
 
1,097
 
 
1883
 
1,374
 
 
1889
 
1,570
 
 
1897
 
1,806*
865
941
1904
 
 
 
 
1910
 
1,871
 
 
1912
 
2,009
 
 
1920
321**
2,062
 
 
1922
 
1,061
 
 
1926***
245
1,245
575
670
1931
 
1,658
 
 

*Of whom 1,801 were German.
**Of which 316 households were German.
***Of whom 1,241 were German (242 households: 571 male & 670 female).

Sources: 

- Beratz, Gottieb. The German colonies on the Lower Volga, their origin and early development: a memorial for the 150th anniversary of the arrival of the first German settlers on the Volga, 29 June 1764. Translated by Adam Giesinger (Lincoln, NE: American Historical Society of Germans from Russia, 1991): 349.
- Diesendorf, V.F. Die Deutschen Russlands : Siedlungen und Siedlungsgebiete : Lexicon. Moscow, 2006.
- The German Settlements in the USSR before 1941 [in Russian] (Moscow, 2002): 100.
- Orlov, Gregorii. Report of Conditions of Settlements on the Volga to Catherine II, 14 February 1769.
- Pleve, Igor. Einwanderung in das Wolgagebiet, 1764-1767 Band 2 (Göttingen: Göttinger Arbeitskreis, 2001): 59-71.
- Preliminary Results of the Soviet Census of 1926 on the Volga German Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic (Pokrovsk, 1927): 28-83.
- Schnurr, Joseph. Die Kirchen und das religiöse Leben der Russlanddeutschen - Katholischer Teil (Stuttgart: Selbstverlag Joseph Schnurr, 1972): 127.
- "Settlements in the 1897 Census." Journal of the American Historical Society of Germans from Russia (Winter, 1990): 16.

Map of Graf (1935).

Catholic Church in Graf.
Built in 1886.
Source: Heimatbuch der Deutschen aus Rußland, 1972.

Latitude: 50.275000
Longitude: 9.371944
Latitude: 50.275000
Longitude: 9.371944
Latitude: 50.330767
Longitude: 8.911917
Latitude: 49.196733
Longitude: 7.142494

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