Grimm

Names: 
Grimm
Kamenskiy
Lesnoi Karamysch
Lesnoj Karamysh
Lesnoy Karamysh
Гримм
Каменский
Лесной Карамыш
Daughter Colonies: 
History: 

Grimm was founded as a Reformed colony on 1 July 1767 by the Crown. Gottfried Heinrich Ulrich Grimm, a surgeon from The Netherlands, served as the first mayor of the colony. His wife was Anna Elisabeth née Gompers, a midwife.

Today, what remains of the former colony of Grimm is known as Kamenskiy.

Church: 

The parish of Grimm was founded in 1767. A new church building was built of wood in 1848 in the Kontor style. There was a balcony around three sides, and a "swallows nest" pulpit above the altar. The Lutherans and Reformed parishners used the same building. Today, nothing remains of the church in Grimm.     

The Grimm parish included the congregations in neighboring Bauer, Franzosen, and Dönhof. The pastor lived in Grimm but preached once each month in the other colonies of the parish.

Pastors & Priests: 

The congregation in Grimm was served by the following pastors:

  • 1767-1780 Christian August Tornow
  • 1782-1786 Laurentius Ahlbaum
  • 1786-1804 Johann Caspar Seiffert
  • 1804-1814 Philipp Jakob Hiemer
  • 1815-1819 Karl Jakob Früauf
  • 1820-1857 Karl Konrady
  • 1859-1864 Karl Dönhoff
  • 1873-1888 Bernhard Deggeler
  • 1890-1910 Michael Peter Stahf
  • 1912-1913 Johannes Grasmück
  • 1914-1924 Alexander Streck
Population: 
Year
Households
Population
Total
Male
Female
1767
89
179
 
 
1769
177
687
345
342
1773
171
769
402
367
1788
162
962
493
469
1798
167
1,214
566
559
1816
209
1,701
872
829
1834
331
3,130
1,655
1,475
1850
350
4,452
2,323
2,129
1857
360
4,497
2,366
2,131
1859
351
5,074
2,640
2,434
1886
620
5,746
2,926
2,820
1891
587
8,133
4,198
4,035
1894
619
9,257
4,743
4,514
1897
 
5,389*
2,781
2,608
1905
 
10,374
 
 
1911
 
11,788
 
 
1912
 
11,859
 
 
1920
1,040**
7,007
 
 
1922
 
5,339
 
 
1926***
1,001
5,645
2,746
2,899
1931
 
5,472****
 
 
1939
 
5,110
 
 

*Of whom 5,363 were German.
**Of which 1,030 households were German.
***Of whom 5,608 were German (985 households: 2,724 male & 2,884 female).
****Of whom 5,460 were German.

Sources: 

- Beratz, Gottieb. The German colonies on the Lower Volga, their origin and early development: a memorial for the 150th anniversary of the arrival of the first German settlers on the Volga, 29 June 1764. Translated by Adam Giesinger (Lincoln, NE: American Historical Society of Germans from Russia, 1991): 349.
- Diesendorf, V.F. Die Deutschen Russlands : Siedlungen und Siedlungsgebiete : Lexicon. Moscow, 2006.
- List of Settlements in the Russian Empire in 1859, vol. 38: Saratov Province (St. Petersburg, 1862): 59.
- Mink, A.N. Historical and Geographical Dictionary of the Saratov Province [in Russian] (Saratov, Russia, 1898): 593-597.
- Orlov, Gregorii. Report of Conditions of Settlements on the Volga to Catherine II, 14 February 1769.
- Pallas, P.S. Reise durch verschiedene Provinzen des Russischen Reichs. Theil 3,2, Reise aus Sibirien zurueck an die Wolga im 1773sten Jahr (St. Petersburg: Kaiserl. Academie der Wissenschaften, 1776): 622.
- Pleve, Igor. Einwanderung in das Wolgagebiet, 1764-1767 Band 2 (Göttingen: Göttinger Arbeitskreis, 2001): 73-85. - Pleve, Igor R. The German Colonies on the Volga: The Second Half of the Eighteenth Century, translated by Richard Rye (Lincoln, NE: American Historical Society of Germans from Russia, 2001): 318.
- Preliminary Results of the Soviet Census of 1926 on the Volga German Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic (Pokrovsk, 1927): 28-83.
- Schnurr, Joseph. Die Kirchen und das Religiöse Leben Russlanddeutschen, Evangelischer Teil.
- "Settlements in the 1897 Census." Journal of the American Historical Society of Germans from Russia (Winter, 1990): 18.

Map showing Grimm (1935).

Grimm Church, built in 1848.

Grimm Church & Bell Tower.
Source: Volksfreund Kalender, 1911.

Interior of the church in Grimm.
Source: Jorge Bohn.

Grimm Central School.
Source: Volksfreund Kalender, 1911.

Grimm Central School.
Courtesy of Steve Schreiber (2006).

Grimm weekly market.

Headstone remaining in the Grimm cemetery.

Window of a German-built house in Grimm.

Grimm, Russia.
Source: David Markgraf.

Latitude: 49.058000
Longitude: 8.950800
Latitude: 50.302763
Longitude: 8.567866
Latitude: 50.019118
Longitude: 8.695494
Latitude: 49.824444
Longitude: 8.846458
Latitude: 49.113584
Longitude: 8.508800
Latitude: 50.447158
Longitude: 8.902822
Latitude: 50.019118
Longitude: 8.695494
Latitude: 49.842708
Longitude: 8.826458
Latitude: 50.716667
Longitude: 9.216667
Latitude: 48.467180
Longitude: 9.225953
Latitude: 49.714861
Longitude: 8.839583
Latitude: 49.066667
Longitude: 8.900000
Latitude: 50.946919
Longitude: 10.709288
Latitude: 49.100285
Longitude: 8.973628
Latitude: 49.100285
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Latitude: 49.509595
Longitude: 8.179546
Latitude: 49.901055
Longitude: 8.844496
Latitude: 49.845996
Longitude: 8.791401
Latitude: 49.901055
Longitude: 8.844496
Latitude: 49.901055
Longitude: 8.844496
Latitude: 48.477778
Longitude: 8.747778
Latitude: 49.901055
Longitude: 8.844496
Latitude: 50.361714
Longitude: 8.820970

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