Huck

Names: 
Huck
Splavnucha
Splavnukha
Гукк
Сплавнуха
History: 

Huck was founded on 1 July 1767 as a Crown Colony by 79 families from Isenburg and the Palatinate. It is located on the Bergseite, approximately 50 miles southwest of Saratov along the Yelkhovka Creek, near the Splavnukha River from which it takes its Russian name.       

In January 1887, nineteen families left Huck, eventually settling in the Argentinean village of San Antonio. On 25 May 1889, another fourteen families from Huck arrived in San Antonio, followed by another seventeen families on 21 November 1891.On 25 May 1889, another eleven families from Huck arrived in San Antonio, followed by another seventeen families on 21 November 1891.       

There was a German school in the colony since it was founded in 1767. A Russian school was built there in 1865, and also a college was located in Huck.       

According to a tally taken in 1894, most of the colonists were engaged in farming. There were, however, also 7 tailors, 20 cobblers, 32 carpenters, 6 masons, 78 carpenters, 27 wheelwrights, 1 cooper, 18 blacksmiths, and 1 binder. An additional 184 people were engaged in weaving gingham in their homes.

Today, what remains of the former colony of Huck is known as Splavnukha.

Church: 

The congregation in Huck was originally part of the Reformed parish headquartered in Norka. A wooden church was built in Huck in 1840.

Today, nothing remains of the Volga German church. There is a new Russian Orthodox church in the village.

Pastors & Priests: 

The congregation in Huck was served by the following pastors:

  • 1769-1782 Johann Georg Herwig
  • 1784-1831 Johann Baptista Cattaneo
Surnames: 
Hetzel / Etzel (Neumühl, Kr. Ortenau, Baden-Württemberg)
Horst (Wächtersbach, Kr. Main-Kinzig, Hesse)
Huck (Wächtersbach, Kr. Main-Kinzig, Hesse)
Kindsfater / Kindsvater / Kindsfather (Herxheim-am-Berg, Kr. Bad Dürkheim, Rheinland-Pfalz)
Morkel (Spielberg, Kr. Main-Kinzig, Hessen)
Sack (Heuchelheim, Kr. Gießen, Hessen)
Schultheis (Huck) (Hettersroth, Kr. Main-Kinzig, Hessen)
Schwabauer (Haßloch, Kr. Bad Dürkheim, Rheinland-Palatinate)
Zitterkopf (Gettenbach, Kr. Main-Kinzig, Hessen)
Hempel (Wächtersbach, Kr. Main-Kinzig, Hesse)
Hein (Huck) (Wächtersbach, Kr. Main-Kinzig, Hesse)
Brotzmann (Wächtersbach, Kr. Main-Kinzig, Hesse)
Eberhard(t) (Huck) (Wächtersbach, Kr. Main-Kinzig, Hesse)
Weisgerber (Wächtersbach, Kr. Main-Kinzig, Hesse)
Rau (Huck) (Salmünster, Kr. Main-Kinzig, Hessen)
Krieck (Schlierbach, Kr. Main-Kinzig, Hessen)
Population: 
Year
Households
Population
Total
Male
Female
1767
 
306
 
 
1769
79
319
161
158
1773
80
380
195
183
1788
78
570
282
288
1798
87
643
325
318
1816
126
1,209
592
617
1834
210
2,120
1,078
1,042
1850
228
3,491
1,752
1,739
1857
372
4,241
2,110
2,131
1859
322
4,328
2,184
2,144
1886*
535
5,191
2,565
2,626
1891
400
7,384
3,688
3,696
1894
387
7,309
3,677
3,632
1897
 
5,134**
2,521
2,613
1905
 
7,200
 
 
1911
 
9,866
 
 
1920
783***
6,348
 
 
1922
 
4,938
 
 
1926****
745
5,031
2,447
2,584
1931
 
5,200*****
 
 

*Including 172 families that have permanently relocated elsewhere (to daughter colonies on the Wiesenseite, to the Caucasus, and to America).
**Of whom 5,109 were German.
***Of which 762 households were German.
****Of whom 5,014 were German (733 households: 2,431 male & 2,583 female).
*****Of whom 5,188 were German.

Sources: 

- Beratz, Gottieb. The German colonies on the Lower Volga, their origin and early development: a memorial for the 150th anniversary of the arrival of the first German settlers on the Volga, 29 June 1764. Translated by Adam Giesinger (Lincoln, NE: American Historical Society of Germans from Russia, 1991): 350.
- Diesendorf, V.F. Die Deutschen Russlands : Siedlungen und Siedlungsgebiete : Lexicon. Moscow, 2006.
- Mink, A.N. Historical and Geographical Dictionary of the Saratov Province [in Russian] (Saratov, Russia, 1898): 970-972.
- Pallas, P.S. Reise durch verschiedene Provinzen des Russischen Reichs. Theil 3,2, Reise aus Sibirien zurueck an die Wolga im 1773sten Jahr (St. Petersburg: Kaiserl. Academie der Wissenschaften, 1776): 622.
- Pleve, Igor R. The German Colonies on the Volga: The Second Half of the Eighteenth Century, translated by Richard Rye (Lincoln, NE: American Historical Society of Germans from Russia, 2001): 319.
- Preliminary Results of the Soviet Census of 1926 on the Volga German Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic (Pokrovsk, 1927): 28-83.
- "Settlements in the 1897 Census." Journal of the American Historical Society of Germans from Russia (Winter, 1990): 19.

Map showing Huck (1935).

Church in Huck
Source: Steve Schreiber.

School in Huck built in 1890.

Latitude: 50.303889
Longitude: 9.298333
Latitude: 50.236663
Longitude: 9.155074
Latitude: 50.275000
Longitude: 9.371944
Latitude: 50.258365
Longitude: 9.296395
Latitude: 50.258365
Longitude: 9.296395
Latitude: 50.258365
Longitude: 9.296395
Latitude: 50.258365
Longitude: 9.296395
Latitude: 50.258365
Longitude: 9.296395
Latitude: 50.258365
Longitude: 9.296395
Latitude: 50.258365
Longitude: 9.296395
Latitude: 49.842708
Longitude: 8.826458
Latitude: 48.570000
Longitude: 7.843889
Latitude: 50.494852
Longitude: 8.056049
Latitude: 50.345183
Longitude: 9.273402
Latitude: 49.361015
Longitude: 8.257806
Latitude: 49.509595
Longitude: 8.179546

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