Jost

Names: 
Iktyabrskoye
Jost
Obernberg
Popovkina
Popowkina
Popovka
Popowka
Иост
Обернберг
Поповкина
History: 

Jost was founded on 5 July 1767 by 73 colonists families recruited by LeRoy & Pictet from Saxony, Prussia, Hesse-Darmstadt, and Brandenburg.  The colony was named after Johann Gottfried Jost, its first leader.  The colony was plundered during the raids of Pugachev in 1774.

In 1865, 266 people from Jost resettled to the Caucases.

During the famine of 1921, 141 people perished.

A new school was construted in Jost in 1926.

All of the Volga German inhabitants of Jost were deported to Siberia and Kazakhstan in 1941.

The former Volga German colony of Jost no longer exists, but its streets are still visible from satellite images.

Church: 

The congregation in Jost was part of the Warenburg Lutheran Parish which had been established in 1770.

A new church building was constructed in 1859.

Pastors & Priests: 

The congregation in Jost was served by the following pastors:

1785-1788 Friedrich Konrad Strengel
1797-1825 Bernhard Wilhelm Litfass

Population: 
Year
Households
Population
Total
Male
Female
1767
87
232
 
 
1769
73
238
126
112
1773
66
219
121
98
1788
 
154
 
 
1798
54
264
 
 
1816
 
343
 
 
1834
72
548
269
279
1850
93
937
459
478
1857
105
1,082
528
554
1859
 
1,122
 
 
1886
 
 
 
 
1891
 
 
 
 
1894
 
 
 
 
1897
 
1,399
726
673
1904
 
2,200
 
 
1910
 
2,207
 
 
1912
 
2,526
 
 
1920
231*
1,826
 
 
1922
 
1,400
 
 
1926**
228
1,356
662
694
1931
 
1,658
 
 

*Of which 229 households were German.
**Of whom 1,351 were German (226 households: 659 male & 692 female).

Sources: 

- Beratz, Gottieb. The German colonies on the Lower Volga, their origin and early development: a memorial for the 150th anniversary of the arrival of the first German settlers on the Volga, 29 June 1764. Translated by Adam Giesinger (Lincoln, NE: American Historical Society of Germans from Russia, 1991): 350.
- Diesendorf, V.F. Die Deutschen Russlands : Siedlungen und Siedlungsgebiete : Lexicon. Moscow, 2006.
- Koch, Fred C. The Volga Germans: In Russia and the Americas, from 1763 to the Present (University Park: Pennsylvania State University Press, 1977): 308.
- Orlov, Gregorii. Report of Conditions of Settlements on the Volga to Catherine II, 14 February 1769.
- Pallas, P.S. Reise durch verschiedene Provinzen des Russischen Reichs. Theil 3,2, Reise aus Sibirien zurueck an die Wolga im 1773sten Jahr (St. Petersburg: Kaiserl. Academie der Wissenschaften, 1776): 609, 622.
- Pleve, Igor R. The German Colonies on the Volga: The Second Half of the Eighteenth Century, translated by Richard Rye (Lincoln, NE: American Historical Society of Germans from Russia, 2001): 319.
- Preliminary Results of the Soviet Census of 1926 on the Volga German Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic (Pokrovsk, 1927): 28-83.
- "Settlements in the 1897 Census." Journal of the American Historical Society of Germans from Russia (Winter, 1990): 17.

Resources: 

1767 Census
1798 Census
1834 Census
1850 Census
1857 Census

Map showing Jost (1935).

The Lutheran Church in Jost. The school is visible in the background, to the left.

Map showing the former location of Jost.
Source: Vladimir Kakorin.

Satellite image showing the location of the former colony of Jost.
Source: Vladimir Kakorin.

Satellite image showing the location of the former colony of Jost during the winter.
Source: Vladimir Kakorin.

Immigration Locations