Kutter

Names: 
Brehning
Brenning
Karamysh
Kutter
Neumann
Parafei-Khutor
Parafej Chutor
Pfaffenkutter
Popovka
Popowka
Бренинг
Куттер
Нейман
Парафей-Хутор
Пфаффенкуттер
Поповка
History: 

Kutter was founded as a Reformed colony on 8 July 1767 by the Government. The colony was named after its leader. The original colonist families came from Isenburg, Hesse, Prussia.       

By decree dated 26 February 1768, Kutter was given the official Russian name of Popovka.

Today, what remains of the former colony of Kutter is known as Karamysh.

Church: 

The congregation in Kutter was part of the Reformed parish headquartered in Messer. There was a wooden church built in the colony. Some colonists are Baptist.

Pastors & Priests: 

The congregation in Kutter was served by the following pastors:

  • 1767-1777 Aloysius Jauch
  • 1778-1799 Johannes S. Janet
Population: 
 
Year
Households
Population
Total
Male
Female
1767
84
262
 
 
1769
79
288
149
139
1773
79
353
184
169
1788
78
482
257
225
1798
73
574
310
264
1816
111
850
422
428
1834
154
1,398
730
668
1850
161
2,042
1,060
982
1857
174
2,191
1,111
1,080
1859
173
2,412
1,234
1,178
1886
309
2,357
1,182
1,175
1891
301
3,279
1,650
1,629
1894
305
3,191
1,576
1,615
1897
 
2,124
1,021
1,103
1905
 
4,108
 
 
1910
 
4,178
 
 
1912
 
4,260
 
 
1920
 
2,833
 
 
1922
 
2,068
 
 
1926*
385
2,114
1,004
1,110
1931
 
2,220
 
 

*Of whom 2,112 were German (384 households: 1,002 male & 1,110 female).

Sources: 

- Beratz, Gottieb. The German colonies on the Lower Volga, their origin and early development: a memorial for the 150th anniversary of the arrival of the first German settlers on the Volga, 29 June 1764. Translated by Adam Giesinger (Lincoln, NE: American Historical Society of Germans from Russia, 1991): 348.
- Mink, A.N. Historical and Geographical Dictionary of the Saratov Province [in Russian] (Saratov, Russia, 1898): 791-793.
- Orlov, Gregorii. Report of Conditions of Settlements on the Volga to Catherine II, 14 February 1769.
- Pleve, Igor R. The German Colonies on the Volga: The Second Half of the Eighteenth Century, translated by Richard Rye (Lincoln, NE: American Historical Society of Germans from Russia, 2001): 319.
- Preliminary Results of the Soviet Census of 1926 on the Volga German Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic (Pokrovsk, 1927): 28-83.
- "Settlements in the 1897 Census." Journal of the American Historical Society of Germans from Russia (Winter, 1990): 19.

Resources: 

1767 Kutter Census
1798 Kutter Census
1834 Kutter Census
1857 Kutter Census

Map showing Kutter (1935).

Reformed Church of Kutter.
Enhancements by John Buttler.
Source: Frances Nelson via Leandro Hildt.

Latitude: 50.416258
Longitude: 9.466083
Latitude: 50.310305
Longitude: 9.090287
Latitude: 49.255257
Longitude: 9.162438
Latitude: 49.066667
Longitude: 8.966667
Latitude: 50.652052
Longitude: 9.162438
Latitude: 50.318209
Longitude: 9.229098
Latitude: 50.273889
Longitude: 9.095000
Latitude: 50.318209
Longitude: 9.229098
Latitude: 50.294255
Longitude: 9.029714
Latitude: 50.254464
Longitude: 9.023556
Latitude: 50.288286
Longitude: 8.943387

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