Langenfeld

Names: 
Krestnyi
Langenfeld
Verkhnaya Yeruslan
Крестный
Лангенфельд
Верхний Еруслан
History: 

Langenfeld was founded in 1859 across the river from Krasny-Kut by colonists resettling from the Bergseite colonies of Walter, Frank, Shcherbakovka, Dietel, Hussenbach, Huck, Kolb, and Norka.

Following the anti-German sentiment of World War I, Langenfeld was known by the name of Krestnyi after 1915.  This name means godfather in Russian.

Today what remains of Langenfeld is known as Verkhnaya Yeruslan.

Church: 

The original settlers in Langenfeld were Lutheran.

Population: 
Year
Households
Population
Total
Male
Female
1850
 
 
 
 
1857
 
 
 
 
1859
 
 
 
 
1886
 
 
 
 
1889
 
730
 
 
1894
 
 
 
 
1897
 
812*
396
416
1905
 
1,270
 
 
1910
164
1,360
708
652
1912
 
1,300
 
 
1920
156**
894
 
 
1922
 
666
 
 
1926***
176
842
400
442
1931
 
874
 
 

*Of whom 805 were German.
**Of which 155 households were German.
***Of whom 831 (395 male & 436 female) were German living in 173 households.

Sources: 

- Diesendorf, V.F. Die Deutschen Russlands : Siedlungen und Siedlungsgebiete : Lexicon. Moscow, 2006.
- Klaus, A. Our colony [in Russian] (St. Petersburg, 1869): II:16.
- Koch, Fred C. The Volga Germans: In Russia and the Americas, from 1763 to the Present (University Park: Pennsylvania State University Press, 1977): 312.
- List of populated areas of the Samara Province [in Russian] (Samara, 1910): 350.
- Preliminary Results of the All-Union Census of 1926 and ASSR Volga Germans (Pokrovsk, 1927): 28-83.
- "Settlements in the 1897 Census." Journal of the American Historical Society of Germans from Russia (Winter, 1990): 16.

Map showing Langenfeld (1935).