Leichtling

Names: 
Ilavla
Ilavlinka
Ilavlya
Ilawla
Ilovlinka
Ilowla
Ilowlja
Jelowlja
Leichtling
Rasowka
Rasovka
Rezowka
Rezovka
Иловля
Илавля
Лейхтлинг
Резовка
History: 

Leichtling was founded on 14 May 1767 as a Roman Catholic colony by the Government, 120 kilometers from Saratov and 54 versts from Kamyshin. Its 49 founding colonist families were from Mainz, Bamberg, and Bavaria.

Today, what remains of the former colony of Leichtling is known as Ilovlinka, but the few building located there apprear to have been constructed after the 1941 Deportation.

Church: 

Leichtling was first part of the Semenovka Parish. Later it became part of the Hildmann Parish. At the turn of the 20th Century, Leichtling became an independent parish with a resident priest. A wooden church was built in 1850. This parish church was destroyed by fire on 24 August 1897, just after Mass celebrating the feast of St. Bartholomew. Three visiting ministers tried to help save the church, but it was completely destroyed. There was no church building in the colony until a new church was completed in 1919. The colonists worshiped in the school house during this time.

Pastors & Priests: 

The following priests are known to have served the congregation in Leichtling:

  • Alois Ocks
  • Johannes Schneider, Sr.
Surnames: 
Dieser (Seligenstadt, Kr. Offenbach, Hessen)
Population: 
 
Year
Households
Population
Total
Male
Female
1767
49
143
67
76
1769
34
150
73
77
1773
47
188
97
91
1788
45
259
133
126
1798
46
300
154
146
1816
63
398
213
185
1834
93
677
342
335
1850
105
963
485
478
1857
112
940
468
472
1859
98
919
470
449
1886
185
1,359
718
641
1891
167
1,755
906
849
1894
166
1,886
983
903
1897
 
1,451*
726
725
1905
 
1,835
 
 
1910
 
2,414
 
 
1912
 
2,535
 
 
1920
308**
2,038
 
 
1922
 
1,297
 
 
1926
251
1,394
694
700
1931
 
1,627***
 
 

*Of whom 1,440 were German.
**Of which 306 households were German.
***Of whom 1,604 were German.

Sources: 

- Beratz, Gottieb. The German colonies on the Lower Volga, their origin and early development: a memorial for the 150th anniversary of the arrival of the first German settlers on the Volga, 29 June 1764. Translated by Adam Giesinger (Lincoln, NE: American Historical Society of Germans from Russia, 1991): 351.
- Diesendorf, V.F. Die Deutschen Russlands : Siedlungen und Siedlungsgebiete : Lexicon. Moscow, 2006.
- Klaus, A.A. Our Colonies (Saint Petersburg, Russia, 1869): 2:13; 4:52-53.
- List of Settlements in the Russian Empire in 1859, vol. 38: Saratov Province (St. Petersburg, 1862): p.59.
- Mink, A.N. Historical and Geographical Dictionary of the Saratov Province [in Russian] (Saratov, Russia, 1898): 353-355.
- Pallas, P.S. Reise durch verschiedene Provinzen des Russischen Reichs. Theil 3,2, Reise aus Sibirien zurueck an die Wolga im 1773sten Jahr (St. Petersburg: Kaiserl. Academie der Wissenschaften, 1776): 623.
- Preliminary Results of the Soviet Census of 1926 on the Volga German Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic (Pokrovsk, 1927): 28-83.
- Schnurr, Joseph, Die Kirchen und das Religiöse Leben der Russlanddeutschen - Katholischer Teil (Stuttgart: Selbstverlag Joseph Schnurr, 1980): 258.
- "Settlements in the 1897 Census." Journal of the American Historical Society of Germans from Russia (Winter, 1990): 18.

Map showing Leichtling (1935).

Latitude: 50.043701
Longitude: 8.971134

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