Meinhard

Names: 
Mainhard
Meinhard
Meinhardt
Podlesnoye
Unterwalden
Weingardt
Унтервальден
Майнгардт
Мейнгардт
Вейнгардт
Подлесное
History: 

Meinhard was founded as a Lutheran colony on 12 June 1767 by Baron Caneau de Beauregard.

Today, what remains of the former colony of Meinhard is known as Podlesnoye.

Church: 

Meinhard was originally part of the parish headquartered in Bettinger. In 1820, the parishes were realligned, and Meinhard became part of the parish lead by the pastor living in Näb.       

A wooden church building was constructed in 1831 that was still in use in 1909. At that time, it could seat 1,050 worshipers.

Surnames: 
Waldschmidt (Fellingshausen, Kr. Gießen, Hessen)
Mut(h) (Meinhard) (Neuengronau, Kr. Main-Kinzig, Hessen)
Population: 
 
Year
Households
Population
Total
Male
Female
1767
 
 
 
 
1769
8
147
89
58
1773
36
150
72
78
1788
33
194
98
96
1798
37
234
126
108
1816
62
386
202
184
1834
84
778
383
395
1850
129
1,117
553
564
1857
129
1,282
634
648
1859
 
1,205
 
 
1883
 
1,760
 
 
1889
 
2,022
 
 
1897
 
2,250*
1,123
1,127
1905
 
3,127
 
 
1910
410
3,616
1,831
1,785
1912
 
3,598
 
 
1920
385**
2,697
 
 
1922
 
2,021
 
 
1923
 
1,943
 
 
1926
347
2,051
1,002
1,049
1931
 
2,725***
 
 

*Of whom 2,246 were German.
**Of which 383 households were German.
***Of whom 2,699 were German.

Sources: 

- Beratz, Gottieb. The German colonies on the Lower Volga, their origin and early development: a memorial for the 150th anniversary of the arrival of the first German settlers on the Volga, 29 June 1764. Translated by Adam Giesinger (Lincoln, NE: American Historical Society of Germans from Russia, 1991): 351.
- Diesendorf, V.F. Die Deutschen Russlands : Siedlungen und Siedlungsgebiete : Lexicon. Moscow, 2006.
- Dietz, Jacob E. History of the Volga German Colonists. Lincoln, NE: American Historical Society of Germans from Russia, 2005.
- Klaus, A.A. Our Colonies (Saint Petersburg, Russia, 1869): 2:13; 4:52-53.
- List of the Populated Places of the Samara Province (Samara, Russia, 1910): 292.
- Pallas, P.S. Reise durch verschiedene Provinzen des Russischen Reichs. Theil 3,2, Reise aus Sibirien zurueck an die Wolga im 1773sten Jahr (St. Petersburg: Kaiserl. Academie der Wissenschaften, 1776): 613.
- Preliminary Totals of the All-Union Population Census of 1926 for the Volga German ASSR (Pokrovsk, Russia, 1927): 28-83.
- "Settlements in the 1897 Census." Journal of the American Historical Society of Germans from Russia (Winter, 1990): 17.

Resources: 

1798 Census of Meinhard
1857 Census of Meinhard

Map showing Meinhard - on the left (1935).

Latitude: 50.270340
Longitude: 9.604190
Latitude: 50.639284
Longitude: 8.595638

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