Moor

Names: 
Kljutschi
Klutschi
Klutshi
Klyuchi
Mohr
Moor
Ключи
Моор
History: 

Moor was founded on 1 July 1766 by the Government as a Reformed colony 65 kilometers southwest of Saratov. It was named after the leader of the founding group. The 64 founding families came from the Palatinate, Isenburg, and Hesse.

In 1855, many colonists from Moor resettled to the daughter colony of Gnadenfeld.

Today, what remains of the colony of Moor is known as Klyuchi.

Church: 

The congregation in Moor was originally part of the Reformed parish headquartered in Messer. A wooden church was constructed in 1856. Some residents were Baptists.

Pastors & Priests: 

The congregation in Moor was served by the following pastors:

  • 1767-1777 Aloysius Jauch
  • 1778-1799 Johannes S. Janet
Surnames: 
Braun (Gondelsheim, Karlsruhe Stadt, Baden-Württemberg)
Gallowa (Neu-Isenburg, Kr. Offenbach, Hessen)
Helwig (Neuwiedermuß, Kr. Main-Kinzig, Hessen)
Herdt (Offenbach am Main, (stadt), Hessen)
Iskam (Vonhausen, Kr. Wetterau, Hessen)
Pinnecker (Düdelsheim, Kr. Wetterau, Hessen)
Schott (Kirchbracht, Kr. Main-Kinzig, Hessen)
Gerlach (Balzer & Moor) (Aulendiebach, Kr. Wetterau, Hessen)
Knaus (Moor) (Düdelsheim, Kr. Wetterau, Hessen)
Müller (Moor) (Altwiedermus, Kr. Main-Kinzig, Hessen)
Scheidt (Düdelsheim, Kr. Wetterau, Hessen)
Rockel / Rogel (Lauterbach, Kr. Vogelsberg, Hessen)
Bamberger (Sprendlingen, Kr. Mainz-Bingen, Rheinland-Palatinate)
Stellwagen (Sprendlingen, Kr. Mainz-Bingen, Rheinland-Palatinate)
Schremser (Schriesheim, Kr. Karlsruhe, Baden-Württemberg)
Population: 
 
Year
Households
Population
Total
Male
Female
1767
70
240
 
 
1769
64
251
137
114
1773
61
276
149
127
1788
62
420
218
202
1798
70
510
271
239
1816
92
866
446
420
1834
165
1,513
741
772
1850
178
2,181
1,064
1,117
1857
221
2,527
1,271
1,256
1859
240
2,653
1,356
1,297
1886
399
3,069
1,554
1,515
1891
353
4,022
2,065
1,957
1894
381
4,154
2,116
2,038
1897
 
3,109*
1,564
1,545
1905
 
5,370
 
 
1910
 
5,557
 
 
1912
 
5,710
 
 
1920
619
4,822
 
 
1922
 
3,599
 
 
1923
 
3,333
 
 
1926**
612
3,719
1,821
1,898
1931
 
3,842***
 
 

*Of whom 3,103 were German.
**Of whom 3,716 were German (610 households: 1,819 male & 1,897 female).
***Of whom 3,836 were German.

Sources: 

- Beratz, Gottieb. The German colonies on the Lower Volga, their origin and early development: a memorial for the 150th anniversary of the arrival of the first German settlers on the Volga, 29 June 1764. Translated by Adam Giesinger (Lincoln, NE: American Historical Society of Germans from Russia, 1991): 351.
- Diesendorf, V.F. Die Deutschen Russlands : Siedlungen und Siedlungsgebiete : Lexicon. Moscow, 2006.
- Mink, A.N. Historical and Geographical Dictionary of the Saratov Province [in Russian] (Saratov, Russia, 1898): 486-489.
- Orlov, Gregorii. Report of Conditions of Settlements on the Volga to Catherine II, 14 February 1769.
- Pallas, P.S. Reise durch verschiedene Provinzen des Russischen Reichs. Theil 3,2, Reise aus Sibirien zurueck an die Wolga im 1773sten Jahr (St. Petersburg: Kaiserl. Academie der Wissenschaften, 1776): 622.
- Pleve, Igor R. The German Colonies on the Volga: The Second Half of the Eighteenth Century, translated by Richard Rye (Lincoln, NE: American Historical Society of Germans from Russia, 2001): 319.
- Preliminary Results of the Soviet Census of 1926 on the Volga German Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic (Pokrovsk, 1927): 28-83.
- "Settlements in the 1897 Census." Journal of the American Historical Society of Germans from Russia (Winter, 1990): 18.

Map showing Moor (1935).

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Longitude: 9.394444
Latitude: 49.861667
Longitude: 7.987500
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Longitude: 7.987500
Latitude: 50.258703
Longitude: 9.102003
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Longitude: 8.654302
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Longitude: 8.776084
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Latitude: 50.229615
Longitude: 9.059039
Latitude: 50.402029
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Latitude: 49.060556
Longitude: 8.657222
Latitude: 50.294255
Longitude: 9.029714
Latitude: 50.294255
Longitude: 9.029714
Latitude: 50.294255
Longitude: 9.029714
Latitude: 50.315278
Longitude: 9.067778
Latitude: 50.233528
Longitude: 9.053444

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