Neu-Messer

Names: 
Lysanderdorf
Neu-Messer
Pogranichnoye
Neu-Meier
Ней-Мессер
Пограничное
Ней-Мейер
Лизандердорф
Mother Colonies: 
History: 

Neu-Messer was founded on the banks of the Kopenka Creek as a Lutheran colony in 1863 by colonists from Messer. It was also known as Lysanderdorf, a name derived from Mr. Lysander who worked in the Office of Foreign Settlers. [Klaus erroneously records that the colony was known as Neu-Maier/Neu-Meier.]

There were many colonists (182 people as of 1887) engaged in the sarpinka weaving industry. In 1883 and again in 1887, a plague wiped out most of the cattle in the colony.

Since the founding of the colony, there has been a parochial school in Neu-Messer. A government school was begun in 1894.

Immigration from Neu-Messer to America began in 1876.

Church: 

The congregation in Neu-Messer belonged to the parish headquartered in Norka where there was a resident pastor.

Population: 
Year
Households
Population
Total
Male
Female
1886
149
1,320
693
627
1891
155
1,855
972
883
1894
168
1,905
982
923
1897
 
1,388*
710
678
1904
 
 
 
 
1911
 
1,983
 
 
1920
 
2,303
 
 
1922
 
2,121
 
 
1926
 
2,326**
 
 
1931
 
2,568
 
 

*Of whom 1,387 were German.
**Of whom 2,323 were German.

Sources: 

- Klaus, A. Our Colony [in Russian] (St. Petersburg, 1869), XI.
- Koch, Fred C. The Volga Germans: In Russia and the Americas, from 1763 to the Present (University Park: Pennsylvania State University Press, 1977): 311.
- Mink, A.N. Historical and Geographical Dictionary of the Saratov Province [in Russian] (Saratov, Russia, 1898): 664-667.
- "Settlements in the 1897 Census." Journal of the American Historical Society of Germans from Russia (Winter, 1990): 18.

Map showing Neu-Messer (1935).

House in Neu-Messer (2009).
Source: Georgi Spach.

Immigration Locations