Preuss

Names: 
Krasnopolye
Krasnopolje
Preiss
Preuß
Preuss
Краснополье
Прейс
History: 

Preuss was founded as a Roman Catholic colony on 12 May 1767 by LeRoy & Pictet.       

The colony was abandoned due to the creation of the Volga Reservoir in 1961, and today what was the former colony of Preuss is mostly under water.

Pastors & Priests: 

The parish in Preuss was served by the following priests:

  • Anton Johann von Padua Zerr (1872-1877)
Population: 
 
Year
Households
Population
Total
Male
Female
1767
132
403
210
193
1769
122
402
207
195
1773
99
382
204
178
1788
 
359
 
 
1798
 
459
 
 
1816
 
636
 
 
1834
 
1,105
 
 
1850
 
1,787
 
 
1857
 
 
 
 
1859
 
2,194
 
 
1889
 
2,194
 
 
1897
 
3,293*
1,671
1,622
1905
 
5,219
 
 
1910
 
5,579
 
 
1912
 
5,735
 
 
1920
767**
4,755
 
 
1922
 
2,787
 
 
1923
 
2,612
 
 
1926***
556
2,744
1,351
1,393
1931
 
2,920****
 
 

*Of whom 3,286 were German.
**Of which 755 households were German.
***Of whom 2,726 were German (551 households: 1,342 male & 1,384 female).
****Of whom 2,909 were German.

Sources: 

- Beratz, Gottieb. The German colonies on the Lower Volga, their origin and early development: a memorial for the 150th anniversary of the arrival of the first German settlers on the Volga, 29 June 1764. Translated by Adam Giesinger (Lincoln, NE: American Historical Society of Germans from Russia, 1991): 352.
- Diesendorf, V.F. Die Deutschen Russlands : Siedlungen und Siedlungsgebiete : Lexicon. Moscow, 2006.
- The German Settlements in the USSR before 1941 [in Russian] (Moscow, 2002): 117.
- Orlov, Gregorii. Report of Conditions of Settlements on the Volga to Catherine II, 14 February 1769.
- Pallas, P.S. Reise durch verschiedene Provinzen des Russischen Reichs. Theil 3,2, Reise aus Sibirien zurueck an die Wolga im 1773sten Jahr (St. Petersburg: Kaiserl. Academie der Wissenschaften, 1776): 609.
- Preliminary Results of the Soviet Census of 1926 on the Volga German Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic (Pokrovsk, 1927): 28-83.
- "Settlements in the 1897 Census." Journal of the American Historical Society of Germans from Russia (Winter, 1990): 16.

Map showing Preuss (1935).

Catholic Church in Preuss.

This map overlays several maps that show the location of Preuss (about center, across the tributary to the north of Hölzel) before and after the inundation of the Volga Reservoir in 1961.
Source: Vladimir Kakorin.

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