Schaffhausen

Names: 
Michaelis
Schaffhausen
Wolkowo
Volkovo
Волково
Михаэлис
Шафгаузен
History: 

Schaffhausen was founded as a Lutheran colony on 13 August 1767 by Baron Caneau de Beauregard. It was moved to a new location in 1770.

Today, what remains of the former colony of Schaffhausen is known as Volkovo.

Church: 

Schaffhausen was part of the Lutheran parish headquartered in Bettinger. The Lutheran Church in Schaffhausen was called "Holy Trinity" and was built of stone in 1832.

Notable Individuals: 
Surnames: 
Rettig (Gronau, Kr. Wetterau, Hessen)
Winkelhausen (Rüddingshausen, Kr. Gießen, Hessen)
Population: 
Year
Households
Population
Total
Male
Female
1767
 
 
 
 
1769
31
87
45
41
1773
49
153
74
79
1788
44
217
109
108
1798
80
277
137
140
1816
74
485
254
231
1834
124
885
446
439
1850
156
1,191
594
597
1857
170
1,371
683
688
1859
171
1,349
691
658
1886
 
 
 
 
1891
 
 
 
 
1894
 
 
 
 
1897
 
2,597*
1,309
1,288
1904
 
 
 
 
1910
421
4,137
2,038
2,099
1912
 
4,561
 
 
1920
505**
3,439
 
 
1926***
447
2,329
1,093
1,236
Sources: 

- Beratz, Gottieb. The German colonies on the Lower Volga, their origin and early development: a memorial for the 150th anniversary of the arrival of the first German settlers on the Volga, 29 June 1764. Translated by Adam Giesinger (Lincoln, NE: American Historical Society of Germans from Russia, 1991): 352.
- Diesendorf, V.F. Die Deutschen Russlands : Siedlungen und Siedlungsgebiete : Lexicon. Moscow, 2006.
- Klaus, A.A. Our Colonies (Saint Petersburg, Russia, 1869): 2:12;4:52-53.
- Orlov, Gregorii. Report of Conditions of Settlements on the Volga to Catherine II, 14 February 1769.
- Pallas, P.S. Reise durch verschiedene Provinzen des Russischen Reichs. Theil 3,2, Reise aus Sibirien zurueck an die Wolga im 1773sten Jahr (St. Petersburg: Kaiserl. Academie der Wissenschaften, 1776): 614.
- Preliminary Results of the Soviet Census of 1926 on the Volga German Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic (Pokrovsk, 1927): 28-83.
- Reith, Andreas. Bettinger Lutheran Church, 2009 (online - in Russian).
- "Settlements in the 1897 Census." Journal of the American Historical Society of Germans from Russia (Winter, 1990): 17.
- Stumpp, Karl. Die Auswanderung aus Deutschland nach Rußland in den Jahren 1763 bis 1862 (Landsmannschaft der Deutschen aus Rußland, 2004): 74.

Map showing Schaffhausen on the right (1935).

Latitude: 50.687194
Longitude: 8.915905
Latitude: 49.684615
Longitude: 8.669778