Semenovka

Names: 
Roethling
Röthling
Rötling
Semenowka
Semenovka
Semjanowka
Семёновка
Ретлинг
Semyanovka
History: 

Semenovka was founded on 24 July 1767 [some sources errantly record the founding date as 24 June 1767] by the Government as a Roman Catholic colony. The 43 founding families came from Mainz, Prussia, Fulda, and Westphalia. It was also known by the German name of Röthling (the surname of one of the early leaders of the colony), but has generally been known as Semenovka.

Today, what remains of the the former colony is still known as Semenovka.

Church: 

Semenovka was the residence of the local Catholic priest who also served neiboring colonies. 

A new wooden church built in the Kontor style was constructed in 1855 in Semenovka and dedicated in 1856. After the deportation of the Volga Germans in 1941, the church was dismantled at the end of the war, and the materials used in the rebuilding of Stalingrad (now called Volgograd).

Pastors & Priests: 

The parish of Semenovka was served by the following priests:

  • Georg Riessling (1877)
  • Andreas Schönberger (1928-1930)
Population: 
Year
Households
Population
Total
Male
Female
1767
43
144
76
68
1769
40
185
96
89
1773
49
232
110
122
1788
50
308
145
163
1798
64
407
202
205
1816
110
765
389
376
1834
171
1,444
756
688
1850
217
2,398
1,251
1,147
1857
239
2,926
1,515
1,411
1860
240
2,984
1,563
1,421
1886
419
3,349
1,720
1,629
1891
370
4,362
2,233
2,129
1894
386
4,581
2,345
2,236
1897
 
3,433*
1,727
1,706
1905
 
5,743
 
 
1910
 
6,002
 
 
1911
 
6,292
 
 
1912
 
6,407
 
 
1920
759**
4,862
 
 
1922
 
3,276
 
 
1923
 
3,428
 
 
1926***
771
4,120
1,996
2,124
1931
 
4,726
 
 

*Of whom 3,428 are German.
**Of which 758 households are German.
***Of whom 4,114 are German (766 households: 1,991 male & 2,123 female).

Sources: 

- Beratz, Gottieb. The German colonies on the Lower Volga, their origin and early development: a memorial for the 150th anniversary of the arrival of the first German settlers on the Volga, 29 June 1764. Translated by Adam Giesinger (Lincoln, NE: American Historical Society of Germans from Russia, 1991): 353.
- Diesendorf, V.F. Die Deutschen Russlands : Siedlungen und Siedlungsgebiete : Lexicon. Moscow, 2006.
- Klaus, A.A. Our Colonies (Saint Petersbug, Russia, 1869).
- Mink, A.N. Historical and Geographical Dictionary of the Saratov Province. (Saratov, Russia, 1898): 931-934.
- Pallas, P.S. Reise durch verschiedene Provinzen des Russischen Reichs. Theil 3,2, Reise aus Sibirien zurueck an die Wolga im 1773sten Jahr (St. Petersburg: Kaiserl. Academie der Wissenschaften, 1776): 623.
- Pleve, Igor. Einwanderung in das Wolgagebiet, 1764-1767 Band 4 (Göttingen: Göttinger Arbeitskreis, 2008): 11, 177-189.
- Preliminary Totals of the All-Union Population Census of 1926 for the Volga German ASSR (Pokrovsk, Russia, 1927): 28-83.
- "Settlements in the 1897 Census." Journal of the American Historical Society of Germans from Russia (Winter, 1990): 19.

Map showing Semenovka (1935).

Semenovka Catholic Church built in 1855.
Source: Heimatbuch der Deutschen aus Rußland, 1972.

Volga German celebration in Semenovka.
Source: unknown.

Semenovka Cemetery (1992).
Source: Ted Gerk.

House in Semenovka (1992).
Source: Ted Gerk.

Latitude: 50.275000
Longitude: 9.371944
Latitude: 50.043701
Longitude: 8.971134
Latitude: 50.903333
Longitude: 7.509167
Latitude: 49.845996
Longitude: 8.791401
Latitude: 49.817033
Longitude: 8.645979
Latitude: 50.044870
Longitude: 9.999474

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