Walter

Names: 
Grechikhino
Grechinnaya Luka
Grechishinaya Luka
Gretschinaja Luka
Walter
Вальтер
Гречинная Лука
Гречихино
History: 

Walter was founded on 25 August 1767 by the Government as a Lutheran colony.

Today, what little remains of the former colony of Walter is known as Grechikhino.

Pastors & Priests: 

The following pastors have served the congregation in Walter:

  • 1768-1770 Johann Friedrich Mittelstädt
  • 1771-1776 Johann Friedrich Heitzig
  • 1778-1782 Laurentius Ahlbaum
  • 1782-1786 Samuel Traugott Büttner
  • 1788-1817 Franz August Flittner
Population: 
 
Year
Households
Population
Total
Male
Female
1767
107
376
177
199
1769
99
382
188
194
1773
99
431
224
207
1788
 
622
 
 
1798
199
762
413
349
1816
 
1,173
 
 
1834
246
1,989
 
 
1850
 
2,899
 
 
1857
253
 
 
 
1859
 
3,264
 
 
1885
 
2,044
 
 
1891
 
 
 
 
1894
 
 
 
 
1897
 
2,427*
1,219
1,208
1904
 
 
 
 
1911
 
2,291
 
 
1920
286**
2,556
 
 
1922
 
2,559
 
 
1923
 
2,754
 
 
1926
389
2,494
1,219
1,275
1931
 
2,138***
 
 

*Of whom 2,424 were German.
**Of which 284 households were German.
***Of whom 2,136 were German.

Sources: 

- Diesendorf, V.F. Die Deutschen Russlands : Siedlungen und Siedlungsgebiete : Lexicon. Moscow, 2006.
- Orlov, Gregorii. Report of Conditions of Settlements on the Volga to Catherine II, 14 February 1769.
- Pallas, P.S. Reise durch verschiedene Provinzen des Russischen Reichs. Theil 3,2, Reise aus Sibirien zurueck an die Wolga im 1773sten Jahr (St. Petersburg: Kaiserl. Academie der Wissenschaften, 1776): 623.
- Pleve, Igor. Einwanderung in das Wolgagebiet, 1764-1767 Band 4 (Göttingen: Göttinger Arbeitskreis, 2008): 295-319.
- Pleve, Igor R. The German Colonies on the Volga: The Second Half of the Eighteenth Century, translated by Richard Rye (Lincoln, NE: American Historical Society of Germans from Russia, 2001): 318.
- "Settlements in the 1897 Census." Journal of the American Historical Society of Germans from Russia (Winter, 1990): 18.

Map showing Walter (1935).

Walter Lutheran Church (1920s)
Courtesy of Walter web site.

Walter Lutheran Church, 1902.
Courtesy of Walter web site.

Walter Lutheran Church (2006).
Photo courtesy of Steve Schreiber.

Walter Lutheran Church (2006).
Photo courtesy of Steve Schreiber.

House in Walter (2006).
Photo courtesy of Steve Schreiber.

Walter Lutheran Church (2005).
Photo courtesy of David Karber.

Map of Walter ca. 1912 (updated).
Source: Kathrin Mayer.

Latitude: 50.312778
Longitude: 9.624167
Latitude: 49.820278
Longitude: 9.257222
Latitude: 49.810556
Longitude: 7.561944
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Longitude: 7.600962
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Longitude: 9.095000
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Longitude: 8.868860
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Longitude: 9.143540
Latitude: 50.362683
Longitude: 9.143540
Latitude: 50.362683
Longitude: 9.143540
Latitude: 50.362683
Longitude: 9.143540
Latitude: 50.362683
Longitude: 9.143540
Latitude: 49.901055
Longitude: 8.844496
Latitude: 50.369579
Longitude: 9.064196
Latitude: 49.428056
Longitude: 8.316111
Latitude: 49.773097
Longitude: 8.880708
Latitude: 49.915654
Longitude: 8.892577

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