Alexanderdorf - North Caucasus

Names: 
Alexanderdorf - North Caucasus
Alexandrovskaya - North Caucasus
Alexandrovskoye - North Caucasus
Alexandrowskaja - North Caucasus
Liebknechtsdorf - North Caucasus
History: 

Alexanderdorf, sometimes called Liebknechtsdorf, was founded in the North Caucasus near the Nalchik Fortress in the Pyatigorsk District in 1818 by pietist and chiliastic colonists from Württemberg. This settlement was located in what is today Georgia.  In 1824, it was officially incorporated into the nearby city of Tiflis (today called Tbilisi).

The first Volga German colonists arrived in Alexanderdorf in 1843.  Over the years there were many families who moved back and forth between the Volga German colonies and Alexanderdorf.  All of the German-speaking inhabitants of Alexanderdorf were subject to the 28 August 1941 Deportation Decree, and were forceably resettled to Central Asia or Siberia during the first weeks of September that year.

Today, the former location of Alexanderdorf is known as David Agmashenebeli Avenue in Tbilisi.

Volga German Congregations: 

Although not an exclusively Volga German congregation, the Germans of Alexanderdorf built the Lutheran Church of Saints Peter and Paul in 1820 on what today is called Marjanishvili Square.  The original wooden structure was replaced by a brick facility in 1897. Soviet authorities used WWII German prisoners of war to demolish the church in 1946-47. The street upon which it had been located was changed from Kirche (Church) Street to Marjanishvili Street.

Surnames: 
Volga German Families: 

The following Volga German families are known to have lived in Alexanderdorf:

Rothermel
Starck from Anton
Schneider
Spielmann

Volga Colonies: 
Sources: 

- Alexanderdorf (Wikipedia) - in German.
- Dietz, Jacob E. History of the Volga German Colonists (Lincoln, NE: American Historical Society of Germans from Russia, 2005): 213.
- Giesinger, Adam. Catherine to Khruschev (Lincoln, NE: American Historical Society of Germans from Russia, 1981): 136.

Lutheran Church of Saints Peter and Paul in Tiflis (Tbilisi).
Built in 1897 (photo date unknown).
Source: wikipedia

Lutheran Church of Saints Peter and Paul in Tiflis (Tbilisi).
Built in 1897 (photo date unknown).
Source: wikipedia

Street scene in Alexanderdorf (ca. 1900) looking down Mikhail Voronzov Street toward the Lutheran Church of Saints Peter and Paul.
Source: wikipedia

Mardshanishvili Square (2008)
Source: wikipedia.

Volga Colonies

Latitude: 49.634288
Longitude: 8.833207