Beideck

Names: 
Baideck
Beideck
Luganskaya
Luganskoye
Talovka
Talowka
Verkhnyaya Talovka
Байдек
Бейдек
Верхняя Таловка
Луганское
Таловка
Daughter Colonies: 
History: 

Beideck was founded on 10 August 1764 by the Government as a Lutheran colony by 76 families from the areas of Isenburg, Darmstadt, and Hanau. The colony was named after its first leader. By executive decree, it was given the Russian name of Talovka on 26 February 1768.       

The Lutheran magazine Friedensbote was published in Beideck frorm 1885-1915. A home for the elderly (called "Bethany") was founded there in 1891. An orphanage (called "Nazareth") was founded there in 1895.       

Since the deportation of the Germans in 1941, the former colony of Beideck has been known as Luganskoye.

Church: 

The parish in Beideck was founded in 1767. It served as the lead congregation for 11 area parishes, and was the residence of the pastor. A stone church was built in 1846 and a new one was constructed in 1907. That building still stands, but it has been used as a civic center since the early Soviet days.

Pastors & Priests: 

The Lutheran parish in Beideck was served by the following pastors:

  • 1767-1770 Georg Christian Seyer
  • 1771-1778 Laurentius Ahlbaum
  • 1793-1820 Johann Martin Otto
  • 1821-1828 Lukas Cattaneo
  • 1828-1828 Heinrich Köpke
  • 1830-1836 Alexander Haken
  • 1836-1850 Christian Gottlieb Hegele
  • 1852-1858 Karl Dönhoff
  • 1859-1880 Felician Joseph Dittrich
  • 1883-1901 Hugo Julius Günther
  • 1887-1888 Liborius Behning
  • 1890-1892 Gotthold Eduard Hahn
  • 1895-? Johann Georg Schwartz
  • 1896-? Johann Romann
  • 1900-1903 Eduard Seib
  • 1901-1905 Johannes Nikolaus Blum
  • 1908-1910 Waldimir Thumin
  • 1918-1929 Herbert Julius Günther

The following pastors are "sons" of the congregation:

  • Herbert Julius Günther
  • Gustav Ferdinand Otto
Population: 
Year
Households
Population
Total
Male
Female
1767
 
 
 
 
1769
76
298
144
154
1773
75
360
185
175
1788
74
519
254
265
1798
92
581
311
270
1816
126
942
485
457
1834
196
1,574
825
749
1850
201
2,471
1,298
1,173
1857
288
3,112
1,583
1,529
1859
228
3,210
1,640
1,570
1886*
496
4,117
2,141
1,976
1891
371
5,809
2,961
2,848
1894
426
5,797
2,944
2,853
1897
 
3,890**
1,952
1,938
1904
 
6,428
 
 
1910
 
7,519
 
 
1912
 
7,054
 
 
1920
589***
4,338
 
 
1922
 
3,906
 
 
1923
 
3,668
 
 
1926****
721
4,210
2,042
2,168
1931
 
4,307*****
 
 

*Along with 195 households 'permanently absent.'
**Of whom 3,824 were German.
***Of which 584 households were German.
****Of whom 701 households (4,123 individuals: 1,994 male & 2,129 female) were German.
*****Of whom 4,266 were German.

Sources: 

- Beratz, Gottieb. The German colonies on the Lower Volga, their origin and early development: a memorial for the 150th anniversary of the arrival of the first German settlers on the Volga, 29 June 1764. Translated by Adam Giesinger (Lincoln, NE: American Historical Society of Germans from Russia, 1991): 348.
- Diesendorf, V.F. Die Deutschen Russlands : Siedlungen und Siedlungsgebiete : Lexicon. Moscow, 2006.
- List of Settlements in the Russian Empire in 1859, vol. 38: Saratov Province (St. Petersburg, 1862): 59.
- Orlov, Gregorii. Report of Conditions of Settlements on the Volga to Catherine II, 14 February 1769.Pallas, P.S. Reise durch verschiedene Provinzen des Russischen Reichs. Theil 3,2, Reise aus Sibirien zurueck an die Wolga im 1773sten Jahr (St. Petersburg: Kaiserl. Academie der Wissenschaften, 1776): 622.
- Pleve, Igor R. The German Colonies on the Volga: The Second Half of the Eighteenth Century, translated by Richard Rye (Lincoln, NE: American Historical Society of Germans from Russia, 2001): 318.
- Preliminary Results of the Soviet Census of 1926 on the Volga German Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic (Pokrovsk, 1927): 28-83.
- Schnurr, Joseph, Die Kirchen und das Religiöse Leben der Russlanddeutschen, Evangelischer Teil (Stuttgart: AER Verlag Landsmannschaft der Deutschen aus Rußland, 1978): 191.
- "Settlements in the 1897 Census." Journal of the American Historical Society of Germans from Russia (Winter, 1990): 19.

Map showing Beideck (1935).

During the Soviet era, the former church was used as a community center and today houses the community library.  Photo courtesy of Steve Schreiber (2001).

The Friedensbote: Monatsblatt für das Christliche Haus was a monthly magazine published in the colony of Beideck from 1884 to 1915. This issue was published by Pastor Günther from Beideck (Talowka).

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Longitude: 9.183333
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Longitude: 9.444688

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