Erlenbach (Bergseite)

Names: 
Erlenbach (Bergseite)
Эрленбах (Bergseite)
Rother Stern
Ротер Штерн
Ременниково
Remennikovo
History: 

Erlenbach was founded in 1847 as a Lutheran colony by resettlers from Grimm, Franzosen, Dönhof, Stephan, Shcherbakovka, Galka, Holstein, Schwab, and Dobrinka. 

Since 1852, there had been a parochial school in Erlenbach and in 1891, a government school was also constructed there.  A new elementary school was built in 1926.

During the Soviet period, the area around Erlenbach was part of the collective farm called "Rother Stern."

Following the deportation of the Volga Germans in 1941, the settlement was renamed Remennikovo, after the merchant Remennikov who founded a farm on this location in 1828.

In 1968, the settlement was abandoned, and today, nothing remains of the former Volga German daughter colony of Erlenbach.

Church: 

Erlenbach was a Lutheran daughter colony that belonged to the parish headquartered in Rosenberg.  There was a wooden church in the colony, built in 1872.

Population: 
Year
Households
Population
Total
Male
Female
1850
 
 
 
 
1857
58
593
309
284
1859
57
612
314
298
1886
131
1,092
562
530
1891
 
 
 
 
1894
142
884
458
426
1897
 
1,180*
604
576
1904
 
1,320
 
 
1911
 
1,525
 
 
1920
224**
1,560
 
 
1922
 
1,368
 
 
1926***
234
1,462
724
738
1931
 
1,613****
 
 

*Of whom 1,175 were German.
**Of which 219 households were German.
***Of whom 1,453 were German (231 households: 716 male & 737 female).
****Of whom 1,601 were German.

Sources: 

- Diesendorf, V.F. Die Deutschen Russlands : Siedlungen und Siedlungsgebiete : Lexicon. Moscow, 2006.
- Dietz, Jacob E., History of the Volga German Colonists (Lincoln, NE: American Historical Society of Germans from Russia, 2005): 215.
- Koch, Fred C. The Volga Germans: In Russia and the Americas, from 1763 to the Present (University Park: Pennsylvania State University Press, 1977): 311.
- Mink, A.N. Historical and Geographical Dictionary of the Saratov Province [in Russian] (Saratov, Russia, 1898): 1399-1402.
- Preliminary Results of the Soviet Census of 1926 on the Volga German Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic (Pokrovsk, 1927): 28-83.
- "Settlements in the 1897 Census." Journal of the American Historical Society of Germans from Russia (Winter, 1990): 19.

Map showing Erlenbach (1935).

Latitude: 54.275000
Longitude: 10.111111
Latitude: 49.842708
Longitude: 8.826458

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