Hölzel

Names: 
Hölzel
Kochetnaya
Kochetnoye
Kotshetnoye
Kotschetnoje
Neuendorf
Гельцель
Нейендорф
Кочетное
History: 

Hölzel was founded on 11 September 1767 by colonists who had been recruited by LeRoy & Pictet. The colony received its name from Anton Hölzel, its first mayor (Vorsteher).

The village was relocated to higher ground, east of its former location, due to the flooding caused by the Volga Reservoir in 1961. The Volgograd (formerly Stalingrad) Hydroelectric Power Station many kilometers down river created this large reservoir which inundated several of the Volga German colonies. Consequently, there is a Russian village today that is called Kochetnoye, but it is not in the same location as the former colony of Hölzel.  Many of the Volga German buildings were moved to the new location.

Church: 

Hölzel was a Roman Catholic colony. The former Catholic church in Hölzel was relocated to the new village location in 1961, but nothing remains of it today.

Pastors & Priests: 

The Catholic congregation in Hölzel was served by the following priests:

Alois Vondrau (1909-1910)
Raphael Dietrich (1929-1932)

Notable Individuals: 
Population: 
Year
Households
Population
Total
Male
Female
1767
59
198
106
92
1769
52
194
107
87
1773
47
196
105
91
1788
 
170
 
 
1798
 
233
 
 
1816
 
400
 
 
1834
 
702
 
 
1850
 
1,169
 
 
1857
 
 
 
 
1859
 
1,359
 
 
1889
 
1,866
 
 
1897
 
1,904*
962
942
1905
 
2,516
 
 
1910
 
2,907
 
 
1912
 
2,906
 
 
1920
460
2,808
 
 
1922
 
2,148
 
 
1923
 
1,843
 
 
1926
371
1,831
868
963
1931
 
1,798
 
 

*Of whom 1,893 were German.

Sources: 

- Beratz, Gottieb. The German colonies on the Lower Volga, their origin and early development: a memorial for the 150th anniversary of the arrival of the first German settlers on the Volga, 29 June 1764. Translated by Adam Giesinger (Lincoln, NE: American Historical Society of Germans from Russia, 1991): 350.
- Diesendorf, V.F. Die Deutschen Russlands : Siedlungen und Siedlungsgebiete : Lexicon. Moscow, 2006.
- Koch, Fred C. The Volga Germans: In Russia and the Americas, from 1763 to the Present (University Park: Pennsylvania State University Press, 1977): 308.
- Pallas, P.S. Reise durch verschiedene Provinzen des Russischen Reichs. Theil 3,2, Reise aus Sibirien zurueck an die Wolga im 1773sten Jahr (St. Petersburg: Kaiserl. Academie der Wissenschaften, 1776): 609.
- Pleve, Igor. Einwanderung in das Wolgagebiet, 1764-1767 Band 2 (Göttingen: Göttinger Arbeitskreis, 2001): 109-123.
- Preliminary Results of the Soviet Census of 1926 on the Volga German Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic (Pokrovsk, 1927): 28-83.
- "Settlements in the 1897 Census." Journal of the American Historical Society of Germans from Russia (Winter, 1990): 16.

Map showing Hölzel (1935).

Map showing the location of Hölzel (top center) before and after the flooding by the creation of the Volga Reservoir in 1961.
Source: Vladimir Kakorin.

This map overlays several maps that show the location of Hölzel (just below center) before and after the inundation of the Volga Reservoir in 1961.
Source: Vladimir Kakorin.

Architectural rendering of the church in Hölzel.
Source: Jorge Bohn.

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Longitude: 7.075965

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