Herzog

Names: 
Herzog
Susly
Sussly
Герцог
Суслы
Daughter Colonies: 
History: 

The Volga German colony of Herzog was founded on 14 July 1766 by colonists recruited by LeRoy & Pictet. It was named after Mathias Herzog, one of the early leaders of the colony.

Today, nothing remains of the former colony of Herzog.

Church: 

The original settlers of Herzog were of the Roman Catholic faith. The congregation there was a part of the Rohleder parish until 1903.      

A new church built of brick was completed in 1897. It was demolished during the Soviet era and the bricks used to build a school in nearby Mariental.

Pastors & Priests: 

The parish in Herzog was served by the following priests:

  • Gabriel Gwamaradse (1904-1905)
  • Alois Vondrau (1905-?, 1910)
  • Georg Baier, Jr. (1909)
  • Gottlieb Beratz (1911-1921)
  • Alois Ocks (1928)
Population: 
Year
Households
Population
Total
Male
Female
1767
35
114
60
54
1769
32
127
66
61
1773
32
141
70
71
1788
 
142
 
 
1798
 
196
109
87
1816
 
364
 
 
1834
 
642
 
 
1850
 
966
 
 
1857
 
 
 
 
1859
 
1,290
 
 
1889
 
1,383
 
 
1897
 
1,393*
711
682
1905
 
2,010
 
 
1910
 
1,953
 
 
1912
 
2,357
 
 
1920
334**
2,136
 
 
1922
 
1,066
 
 
1926***
262
1,427
676
751
1931
 
1,507****
 
 

*Of whom 1,387 were German.
**Of which 333 households were German.
***Of whom 1,418 were German (259 households: 673 male & 745 female).
****Of whom 1,501 were German.

Sources: 

- Beratz, Gottieb. The German colonies on the Lower Volga, their origin and early development: a memorial for the 150th anniversary of the arrival of the first German settlers on the Volga, 29 June 1764. Translated by Adam Giesinger (Lincoln, NE: American Historical Society of Germans from Russia, 1991): 350.
- Diesendorf, V.F. Die Deutschen Russlands : Siedlungen und Siedlungsgebiete : Lexicon. Moscow, 2006.
- Orlov, Gregorii. Report of Conditions of Settlements on the Volga to Catherine II, 14 February 1769.
- Pleve, Igor. Einwanderung in das Wolgagebiet, 1764-1767 Band 2 (Göttingen: Göttinger Arbeitskreis, 2001): 87-96.
- Preliminary Results of the Soviet Census of 1926 on the Volga German Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic (Pokrovsk, 1927): 28-83.
- "Settlements in the 1897 Census." Journal of the American Historical Society of Germans from Russia (Winter, 1990): 17.

Map showing Herzog (1935).

Colony of Herzog.

Church in Herzog.

Herzog, Russia
Karaman River in the foreground.
[Notice the camels on the far bank.]

Map of Herzog (1920)
Drawn by Johannes Riedel in 1968.
Source: Wolgadeutsche.net

Latitude: 49.704255
Longitude: 12.194191
Latitude: 49.809167
Longitude: 7.843889
Latitude: 49.444444
Longitude: 11.848333
Latitude: 49.216667
Longitude: 12.650000
Latitude: 48.916667
Longitude: 11.866667
Latitude: 48.916667
Longitude: 11.866667
Latitude: 50.590833
Longitude: 9.733611
Latitude: 49.200000
Longitude: 12.516667
Latitude: 49.271751
Longitude: 11.962924
Latitude: 49.333333
Longitude: 9.800000
Latitude: 49.232778
Longitude: 11.671944
Latitude: 49.016667
Longitude: 12.083333
Latitude: 49.016667
Longitude: 12.083333
Latitude: 49.016667
Longitude: 12.083333
Latitude: 49.016667
Longitude: 12.083333
Latitude: 49.016667
Longitude: 12.083333
Latitude: 49.583333
Longitude: 11.016667
Latitude: 49.444722
Longitude: 7.768889
Latitude: 48.883333
Longitude: 12.566667
Latitude: 46.720800
Longitude: 5.580000
Latitude: 49.292500
Longitude: 6.535000
Latitude: 49.960278
Longitude: 9.772222
Latitude: 49.605766
Longitude: 6.561415
Latitude: 49.488889
Longitude: 8.469167
Latitude: 49.050000
Longitude: 7.430000
Latitude: 49.050000
Longitude: 7.430000
Latitude: 51.624536
Longitude: 9.029513
Latitude: 49.196733
Longitude: 7.142494
Latitude: 49.194444
Longitude: 8.857778
Latitude: 49.600000
Longitude: 9.750000
Latitude: 49.249888
Longitude: 7.429044
Latitude: 49.326626
Longitude: 9.241004
Latitude: 49.655556
Longitude: 7.680000

Immigration Locations