Rohleder

Names: 
Raskatovka
Raskatovo
Raskaty
Rohleder
Rolleder
Roskaty
Раскатово
Раскаты)
Роледер
Ролендер
Daughter Colonies: 
History: 

Rohleder was founded on 14 June 1766 by colonists who had been recruited by LeRoy & Pictet.

It was named after its first mayor (Vorsteher) Georg Rohleder from the region of Bamberg.

Today, what remains of the former colony of Rohleder is known as Raskatovo.

Church: 

The original colonists of Rohleder were of the Roman Catholic faith practice.

According to the 1798 Census of Rohleder, there was already a church building in the colony, but there was not a resident priest.

A new church, constructed of stone, was built and dedicated to the "Mother of God."

Pastors & Priests: 

The congregation in Rohleder was served by the following priests:

  • Ignatius Zacharewitsch (1803-1807)
  • Joseph Caffasso (1807-1808)
  • Anton Postoll (1809-1810)
  • Franziskus Cornet (1810-1820)
  • Alexander Schadurski
  • Balthasar Kraft (1873?-1877?)
  • Jakob Dobrowolsky (1877-1879)
  • Joseph Gütlein (1879-1898)
  • Johannes Wassinger
  • Joseph Beilmann (1898-1902)
  • Valentin Böchler (1902-1903)
  • Georg Baier, Jr. (1903-1911)
  • Georg Sauer (1914)
  • Alexander Dornhof (1926?-1930?)
Population: 
Year
Households
Population
Total
Male
Female
1767
 
155
 
 
1769
 
159
 
 
1773
46
208
111
97
1788
 
 
 
 
1798
36
219
103
116
1816
 
316
 
 
1834
86
586
 
 
1850
106
935
472
463
1857
130
1,134
572
562
1859
 
1,174
 
 
1883
 
1,290
 
 
1889
 
1,623
 
 
1897
 
1,835*
925
910
1905
 
2,267
 
 
1910
 
2,527
 
 
1912
 
2,359
 
 
1920
366
2,354
 
 
1922
 
1,416
 
 
1923
 
1,322
 
 
1926
311
1,665
804
861
1931
 
2,268
 
 

*Of whom 1,824 were German.

Sources: 

- Beratz, Gottieb. The German colonies on the Lower Volga, their origin and early development: a memorial for the 150th anniversary of the arrival of the first German settlers on the Volga, 29 June 1764. Translated by Adam Giesinger (Lincoln, NE: American Historical Society of Germans from Russia, 1991): 352.
- Diesendorf, V.F. Die Deutschen Russlands : Siedlungen und Siedlungsgebiete : Lexicon. Moscow, 2006.
- Pallas, P.S. Reise durch verschiedene Provinzen des Russischen Reichs. Theil 3,2, Reise aus Sibirien zurueck an die Wolga im 1773sten Jahr (St. Petersburg: Kaiserl. Academie der Wissenschaften, 1776): 612.
- Pleve, Igor. Einwanderung in das Wolgagebiet, 1764-1767 Band 4 (Göttingen: Göttinger Arbeitskreis, 2008): 11, 47-60.
- Preliminary Results of the Soviet Census of 1926 on the Volga German Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic (Pokrovsk, 1927): 28-83.
- Schnurr, Joseph. Die Kirchen und das religiöse Leben der Russlanddeutschen - Katholischer Teil (Stuttgart: Selbstverlag Joseph Schnurr, 1972): 126.
- "Settlements in the 1897 Census." Journal of the American Historical Society of Germans from Russia (Winter, 1990): 17.

Map showing Rohleder (1935).

Mother of God Catholic Church in Rohleder.

Rohleder Church (2008)

Rohleder Church - rear view (2008)

Side view of the former church in Rohleder.
Source: Jorge Bohn.

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