Schulz

Names: 
Lugovaya Grasnukha
Lugovaya Gryaznukha
Lugovskoye
Lugowaja Gräsnucha
Schultz
Schulz
Шульц
Луговая Грязнуха
Луговское
History: 

Schulz was founded on 8 September 1766 by the recruiters who worked for the Russian Government. The colony received its name from Johann Jakob Schulz, the first major (Vorsteher) of the colony. By a decree dated 26 February 1768, the colony was given the Russian name of Lugovaya Gryaznukha.

Today, what remains of the former colony of Schulz is known as Lugovskoye.

Church: 

Originally the Lutheran congregation in Schulz was part of the Rosenheim parish which had been established in 1767.

Pastors & Priests: 

The congregation in Schulz was served by the following pastors:

  • 1767-1785 Ludwig Helm
  • 1777-1787? Daniel Willi
  • 1786-1788 Laurentius Ahlbaum
  • 1788-1791 Klaus Peter Lundberg
  • 1792-1815 Mag. Christian Friedrich Jäger
Population: 
Year
Households
Population
Total
Male
Female
1767
28
74
 
 
1769
35
127
70
57
1773
32
133
75
58
1788
19
91
50
41
1798
27
142
78
64
1816
28
245
128
117
1834
52
501
252
249
1850
72
731
369
362
1857
76
976
474
502
1859
 
987
 
 
1889
 
1,105
 
 
1897
 
1,453*
722
731
1905
 
2,092
 
 
1910
179
2,226
1,142
1,084
1912
 
3,200
 
 
1920
202
1,511
 
 
1922
 
1,092
 
 
1923
 
954
 
 
1926
180
957
446
511
1931
 
2,141
 
 

*Of whom 1,451 were German.

Sources: 

- Beratz, Gottieb. The German colonies on the Lower Volga, their origin and early development: a memorial for the 150th anniversary of the arrival of the first German settlers on the Volga, 29 June 1764. Translated by Adam Giesinger (Lincoln, NE: American Historical Society of Germans from Russia, 1991): 353.
- Diesendorf, V.F. Die Deutschen Russlands : Siedlungen und Siedlungsgebiete : Lexicon. Moscow, 2006.
- Klaus, A. Our Colony [in Russian] (St. Petersburg, 1869): 2:14 & 4:56-57.
- List of Populated Areas of the Samara Province [in Russian] (Samara, 1910): 325.
- Pallas, P.S. Reise durch verschiedene Provinzen des Russischen Reichs. Theil 3,2, Reise aus Sibirien zurueck an die Wolga im 1773sten Jahr (St. Petersburg: Kaiserl. Academie der Wissenschaften, 1776): 612.
- Pleve, Igor. Einwanderung in das Wolgagebiet, 1764-1767 Band 4 (Göttingen: Göttinger Arbeitskreis, 2008): 11, 119-126.
- Pleve, Igor R. The German Colonies on the Volga: The Second Half of the Eighteenth Century, translated by Richard Rye (Lincoln, NE: American Historical Society of Germans from Russia, 2001): 318.
- Preliminary Results of the All-Union Census of 1926 and ASSR Volga Germans (Pokrovsk, 1927): 28-83.
- Report of Conditions of Settlements on the Volga to Catherine II by Count Orlov, 14 February 1769.
- "Settlements in the 1897 Census." Journal of the American Historical Society of Germans from Russia (Winter, 1990): 16.

Map showing Schulz (1935).

Map of Schulz (1919).
Source: Fred Zitzer.

Military registration form for Heinrich Richter from Schulz colony.
Source: Ward Richter.

"These are two photos of a box that came from Schulz. My father who was nine years old had the job of carrying it in a bag during their trip to the U.S. He reported that it had belonged to his Uncle who was the Schulz village treasurer and he had kept financial records in the box. It is veneered and keyed. I had it appraised a number of years ago by an expert in European crafts and he said that the quality of the veneer was an exquisite example of the state of that art in rural areas of Eastern Europe in the late 1800s. This is the only physical thing other than a couple of documents that survive from anything brought from Russia by the family."

Photos and descriptions provided courtesy of Ward Richter

Latitude: 51.966667
Longitude: 11.866660
Latitude: 53.700000
Longitude: 19.983333
Latitude: 49.250000
Longitude: 13.900000
Latitude: 52.734167
Longitude: 11.226940
Latitude: 49.971389
Longitude: 7.362222
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Longitude: 11.083056
Latitude: 59.937500
Longitude: 30.308611
Latitude: 53.432500
Longitude: 14.548056
Latitude: 53.432500
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Latitude: 54.634722
Longitude: 21.811944
Latitude: 54.634722
Longitude: 21.811944
Latitude: 53.869722
Longitude: 10.686389
Latitude: 50.390278
Longitude: 9.136111
Latitude: 50.983333
Longitude: 11.316667
Latitude: 50.116861
Longitude: 7.621733
Latitude: 52.516667
Longitude: 13.388889
Latitude: 52.516667
Longitude: 13.388889
Latitude: 50.424444
Longitude: 9.199722

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