Stahl am Karaman

Names: 
Stahl
Stahl am Karaman
Stahlskii
Svonarevka
Swonarewka
Zvonarev-Kut
Zvonarevka
Звонарев Кут
Стальский
Шталь
Шталь ам Караман
Daughter Colonies: 
History: 

Stahl am Karaman was founded on 9 July 1766 by the Government as a Lutheran colony along the Karaman River.

Following the 28 August 1941 Decree which abolished the Volga German Republic, the residents of Stahl am Karaman were deported to Siberia on 15 September 1941.

Today, what remains of the former colony of Stahl am Karaman is known as Zvonarevka.

Church: 

The Lutheran parish in Stahl was originally part of the parish headquartered in Rosenheim which had been established in 1767.       

The first church building was constructed of wood in 1808. It burned in 1842 and was reconstructed with seating for 816. This church was renovated in 1912.

Pastors & Priests: 

The congregation in Stahl am Karaman was served by the following pastors:

  • 1767-1785 Ludwig Helm
  • 1786-1788 Laurentius Ahlbaum
  • 1788-1792 Klaus Peter Lundberg
  • 1792-1815 Christian Friedrich Jäger
  • 1816-1820 Franz Hölz
  • 1820-1831 Johann Heinrich Buck
  • 1831-1866 Alexander Karl August Allendorf
  • 1867-1879 Friedrich Wilhelm Meyer
  • 1881-1894 Karl Julius Hölz
  • 1894-1901 Karl Ernst Theodor David
  • 1901-1909 Emil Friedrich Busch
  • 1912-1922 Alexander Rothermel
  • 1929-1933 Jakob Scharf
Population: 
Year
Households
Population
Total
Male
Female
1767
49
154
78
76
1769
44
152
76
76
1773
43
171
91
80
1788
44
203
95
108
1798
42
256
124
132
1816
53
360
183
177
1834
80
703
346
357
1850
113
1,036
501
535
1857
120
1,341
686
697
1865
 
1,305
 
 
1867
 
2,027
 
 
1890
305
2,431
 
 
1897
 
2,693*
1,302
1,391
1904
 
3,538
 
 
1908
350
3,767
 
 
1910
320
3,704
 
 
1912
 
3,940
 
 
1920
401**
2,638
 
 
1922
 
2,067
 
 
1923
 
1,988
 
 
1926***
371
1,890
892
998
1931
 
2,228
 
 

*Of whom 2,671 were German.
**Of which 400 households were German.
***Of whom 1,886 were German (367 households: 888 male & 998 female).

Sources: 

- Amburger, Erik. Die Pastoren der evangelischen Kirchen Rußlands. Martin-Luther-Verlag, 1998.
- Beratz, Gottieb. The German colonies on the Lower Volga, their origin and early development: a memorial for the 150th anniversary of the arrival of the first German settlers on the Volga, 29 June 1764. Translated by Adam Giesinger (Lincoln, NE: American Historical Society of Germans from Russia, 1991): 353.
- Diesendorf, V.F. Die Deutschen Russlands : Siedlungen und Siedlungsgebiete : Lexicon. Moscow, 2006.
- Mai, Brent Alan, 1798 Census of the German Colonies along the Volga: Economy, Population, and Agriculture (Lincoln, NE: American Historical Society of Germans from Russia, 1999), v.1: 216-217.
- Pallas, P.S. Reise durch verschiedene Provinzen des Russischen Reichs. Theil 3,2, Reise aus Sibirien zurueck an die Wolga im 1773sten Jahr (St. Petersburg: Kaiserl. Academie der Wissenschaften, 1776): 612.
- Pleve, Igor. Einwanderung in das Wolgagebiet, 1764-1767 Band 4 (Göttingen: Göttinger Arbeitskreis, 2008): 11, 191-204.
- Pleve, Igor R. The German Colonies on the Volga: The Second Half of the Eighteenth Century, translated by Richard Rye (Lincoln, NE: American Historical Society of Germans from Russia, 2001): 318.
- Preliminary Results of the Soviet Census of 1926 on the Volga German Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic (Pokrovsk, 1927): 28-83.
- Report of Conditions of Settlements on the Volga to Catherine II by Count Orlov, 14 February 1769.
- Schmidt, David F. "An Early Volga German Settlement List from the Wiesenseite." AHSGR Journal (Spring 1991): 15-27.
- "Settlements in the 1897 Census." Journal of the American Historical Society of Germans from Russia (Winter, 1990): 16.

Map showing Stahl am Karaman (1935).

Church in Stahl am Karaman, renovated in 1912.

A slightly different photo of the church in Stahl am Karaman.
Source: Jorge Bohn.

Map of Stahl am Karaman as of 1941 by Jacob Kämpf & Irma Justus (1978).
Originally posted here.

Latitude: 50.355833
Longitude: 9.055278
Latitude: 49.076944
Longitude: 8.844167
Latitude: 49.155764
Longitude: 8.483912
Latitude: 50.592675
Longitude: 8.958272
Latitude: 48.679056
Longitude: 8.895747

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