Wittmann

Names: 
Solothurn
Solotoje
Witmann
Wittmann
Zolotovka
Zolotoye
Витманн
Золотурн
Золотовка
History: 

Wittmann was founded on 3 August 1767 by colonists who had been recruited by Baron Caneau de Beauregard. It moved to a new location in 1770.

Today, what remains of the former Volga German colony of Wittmann is known as Zolotovka.

Church: 

The founding colonists of Wittmann were Roman Catholic.

Population: 
Year
Households
Population
Total
Male
Female
1769
43
128
63
65
1773
54
186
93
93
1788
51
287
142
145
1798
57
340
178
162
1816
91
521
264
257
1834
122
942
492
450
1850
153
1,416
717
699
1857
168
1,635
852
783
1859
 
1,477
 
 
1883
 
2,311
 
 
1889
 
2,500
 
 
1894
 
 
 
 
1897
 
2,753*
1,385
1,368
1905
 
3,500
 
 
1910
 
3,649
 
 
1912
 
4,025
 
 
1920
558
3,362
 
 
1922
 
1,972
 
 
1923
 
2,364
 
 
1926**
534
2,783
1,323
1,460
1931
 
3,408***
 
 

*Of whom 2,736 were German.
**Of whom 2,781 (1,321 male & 1,460 female) were German living in 533 households.
***Of whom 3,406 were German.

Sources: 

- Beratz, Gottieb. The German colonies on the Lower Volga, their origin and early development: a memorial for the 150th anniversary of the arrival of the first German settlers on the Volga, 29 June 1764. Translated by Adam Giesinger (Lincoln, NE: American Historical Society of Germans from Russia, 1991): 353.
- Diesendorf, V.F. Die Deutschen Russlands : Siedlungen und Siedlungsgebiete : Lexicon. Moscow, 2006.
- Orlov, Gregorii. Report of Conditions of Settlements on the Volga to Catherine II, 14 February 1769.
- Pallas, P.S. Reise durch verschiedene Provinzen des Russischen Reichs. Theil 3,2, Reise aus Sibirien zurueck an die Wolga im 1773sten Jahr (St. Petersburg: Kaiserl. Academie der Wissenschaften, 1776): 614.
- Preliminary Results of the Soviet Census of 1926 on the Volga German Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic (Pokrovsk, 1927): 28-83.
- "Settlements in the 1897 Census." Journal of the American Historical Society of Germans from Russia (Winter, 1990): 16.

Map showing Wittmann on the left (1935).

Wittmann Catholic Church and Bell Tower.
Source: Heimatbuch der Deutschen aus Rußland, 1972.

Immigration Locations